Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
old 老 (耂)
Parts:
old man, old age, grow old
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
803 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 老 【ロウ】 old age, age, old people, the old, the aged, senior, elder, I, me, my humble self
  • 老化 【ロウカ】 ageing, aging, senile deterioration
  • 養老 【ヨウロウ】 making provision for the elderly, making provision for one's old age, spending one's old age in comfort, Yōrō era (717.11.17-724.2.4)
  • 敬老 【ケイロウ】 respect for the aged

Kun reading compounds

  • 老いる 【おいる】 to age, to grow old
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Japanese names:
えび、 おい、 び
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lao3
Korean:
ro

Spanish

  • envejecer
  • viejo
  • experimentado
  • hacerse viejo

Portuguese

  • velho
  • velhice
  • envelhecer

French

  • vieillard
  • âgé
  • vieillir
541 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
638 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
609 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
788 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3683 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
637 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
837 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
334 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
543 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
552 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
737 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1576 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3963 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2040 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2754 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1259 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28842 Morohashi
3197 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4696 New Nelson (John Haig)
1251 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1340 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
472 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
2k4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
3-4-2 SKIP code
4471.1 Four corner code
1-47-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8001 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
jade (king) 玉 (王)
Parts:
present, existing, actual
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
85 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 現 【ゲン】 present (e.g. government, administration), current, existing
  • 現役 【ゲンエキ】 active duty, active service, student taking (university) entrance exams while still enrolled in school, student who passed their university entrance exams on the first try
  • 具現 【グゲン】 incarnation, embodiment, realization, giving concrete form (to)
  • 体現 【タイゲン】 personification, impersonation, embodiment

Kun reading compounds

  • 現れる 【あらわれる】 to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise, to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
  • 表す 【あらわす】 to represent, to signify, to stand for, to reveal, to show, to display, to express, to make widely known
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 きら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian4
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • presente
  • actual
  • real
  • aparecer
  • hacerse visible
  • mostrarse
  • manifestar
  • expresar

Portuguese

  • presente
  • exist6encia
  • realidade

French

  • le présent
  • existant
  • actuel
  • montrer
602 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
692 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
666 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
82 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2943 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
495 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
735 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1360 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
298 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
298 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
578 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1320 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
657 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
879 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
265 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21004 Morohashi
968 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3645 New Nelson (John Haig)
259 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
275 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
67 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
732 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3157 2001 Kanji
4f7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
1611.0 Four corner code
1-24-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
73fe Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
pig
Parts:
elephant, pattern after, imitate, image, shape, sign (of the times)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
394 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 象 【ショウ】 form, shape, figure, appearance, phenomenon
  • 将棋 【ショウギ】 shogi, Japanese chess
  • 具象 【グショウ】 embodying, expressing concretely
  • 抽象 【チュウショウ】 abstract
  • 象 【ゾウ】 elephant (Elephantidae spp.)
  • 象牙 【ゾウゲ】 ivory
  • アジア象 【アジアゾウ】 Asian elephant, Indian elephant
  • 海象 【セイウチ】 walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), elephant seal (Mirounga spp.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 象る 【かたどる】 to model on, to make in the shape of, to represent, to pattern after, to imitate, to symbolise

Readings

Japanese names:
きさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xiang4
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • imagen
  • imitar
  • forma
  • figura
  • elefante

Portuguese

  • elefante
  • modelar
  • imitar
  • imagem
  • forma
  • sinal (dos tempos)

French

  • éléphant
  • modèle
  • imiter
  • image
  • forme
  • signe (des temps)
  • phénomène
663 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
540 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
533 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
575 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4472 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
809 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
916 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1761 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
739 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
752 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
939 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1718 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2647 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1831 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1995 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36372 Morohashi
2134 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5744 New Nelson (John Haig)
1976 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2130 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
591 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2551 2001 Kanji
2n10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-10 SKIP code
2-6-6 SKIP code
2723.2 Four corner code
1-30-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8c61 Unicode hex code