Jisho

×

16 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
广
grind, polish, scour, improve, brush (teeth)
Kun:
みが.くす.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1608 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 摩耗 【マモウ】 wear, abrasion
  • 磨羯宮 【マカツキュウ】 Capricorn (10th zodiacal sign), the Goat
  • 琢磨 【タクマ】 polish (jewels), cultivation
  • 達磨 【ダルマ】 daruma, tumbling doll, round, red-painted good-luck doll in the shape of Bodhidharma, with a blank eye to be completed when a person's wish is granted, Bodhidharma, prostitute

Kun reading compounds

  • 磨く 【みがく】 to polish, to shine, to burnish, to scour, to scrub, to brush (teeth), to grind (e.g. a lens), to refine (a skill, etc.), to improve, to hone, to polish (up), to cultivate (one's character)
  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
おさむ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mo2, mo4
Korean:
ma

Spanish

  • pulido
  • abrillantado
  • pulir
  • abrillantar
  • lavarse los dientes

Portuguese

  • moer
  • polir
  • explorar
  • melhorar
  • escovar (dentes)

French

  • polir
  • moudre
  • récurer
  • améliorer
  • brosser (dents)
1831 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1376 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5393 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1985 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
768 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2596 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1531 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1632 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1731 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3946 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2033 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2744 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
601 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24449P Morohashi
3181 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4045 New Nelson (John Haig)
594 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
638 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1840 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
577 2001 Kanji
3q13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-13 SKIP code
3-11-5 SKIP code
0026.1 Four corner code
1-43-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
78e8 Unicode hex code

穿

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
cave
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 穿孔 【センコウ】 perforation, punching, boring, drilling
  • 穿孔位置 【センコウイチ】 punch position, punching position

Kun reading compounds

  • 穿つ 【うがつ】 to drill, to bore, to pierce, to pass through, to hit the mark, to get to the heart of (the matter), to be true to (nature), to put on, to wear
  • 履く 【はく】 to put on (lower-body clothing, e.g. pants, skirt, footwear), to wear, to affix (a sword to one's hip), to affix (a bowstring to a bow)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chuan1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

Portuguese

French

3323 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
2800 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1941 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
25436 Morohashi
2251 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4198 New Nelson (John Haig)
2616 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2661 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
3m7.10 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
2-3-6 SKIP code
3024.1 Four corner code
1-32-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7f Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:
Variants:
iron
Kun:
くろがね
On:
テツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
672 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 鉄 【テツ】 iron (Fe), strong and hard (as iron), railway, railway enthusiast
  • 鉄道 【テツドウ】 railroad, railway, rail transport
  • 私鉄 【シテツ】 private railway
  • 国鉄 【コクテツ】 national railway, Japan National Railways (1949-1987)

Kun reading compounds

  • 黒金 【くろがね】 iron

Readings

Japanese names:
けん、 てっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tie3
Korean:
cheol

Spanish

  • hierro
  • acero

Portuguese

  • ferro

French

  • fer
283 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
353 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
327 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4844 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
242 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
976 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1948 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
312 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
312 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
147 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1814 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2147 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1126 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1527 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
854 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40285 Morohashi
1711 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6253 New Nelson (John Haig)
846 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
909 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
449 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
422 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2863 2001 Kanji
8a5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-5 SKIP code
8513.0 Four corner code
1-37-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9244 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
inkstone
Kun:
すずり
On:
ケンゲン
Jinmeiyō kanji, used in names
2500 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 磨穿鉄硯 【マセンテッケン】 showing unyielding diligence in one's studies, wearing a hole through one's metal inkstone from constant studying
  • 筆硯 【ヒッケン】 writing brush and inkstone, writing, composition, daily life of a writer

Kun reading compounds

  • 硯 【すずり】 inkstone
  • 硯洗い 【すずりあらい】 event where schoolchildren wash their inkstones, brushes and desks the night before Tanabata to pray for success in their studies

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yan4
Korean:
yeon

Spanish

  • piedra para hacer tinta

Portuguese

French

3190 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1634 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1517 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1094 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
24233 Morohashi
4005 New Nelson (John Haig)
2589 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2635 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
5a7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-7 SKIP code
1661.0 Four corner code
1-24-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
786f Unicode hex code