Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
astringent, hesitate, reluctant, have diarrhea
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1011 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 渋滞 【ジュウタイ】 congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
  • 渋面 【ジュウメン】 grimace, sullen face
  • 難渋 【ナンジュウ】 suffering, distress, difficulty, hardship, misery, being bogged down, hurdle
  • 晦渋 【カイジュウ】 ambiguous, obscure, equivocal

Kun reading compounds

  • 渋 【しぶ】 kakishibu, astringent persimmon juice used as a dye or to to treat wood, paper, etc.
  • 渋い 【しぶい】 astringent, bitter, puckery, rough, harsh, tart, austere, elegant (and unobtrusive), refined, quiet (and simple), sober, sombre, subdued, tasteful (in a quiet way), understated, sour (look), glum, grim, sullen, sulky, stingy, tight-fisted
  • 柿渋 【かきしぶ】 kakishibu, astringent persimmon juice used as a dye or to to treat wood, paper, etc.
  • 鉄渋 【かなしぶ】 aqueous iron rust
  • 渋い 【しぶい】 astringent, bitter, puckery, rough, harsh, tart, austere, elegant (and unobtrusive), refined, quiet (and simple), sober, sombre, subdued, tasteful (in a quiet way), understated, sour (look), glum, grim, sullen, sulky, stingy, tight-fisted
  • 渋い顔をする 【しぶいかおをする】 to frown (on), to be grim-faced, to look sullen
  • 渋る 【しぶる】 to hesitate, to hold back, to balk, to falter, to be reluctant, to be unwilling, to begrudge, to have loose painful bowel movement, to suffer from tenesmus

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
se4
Korean:
sab

Spanish

  • astringente
  • austero
  • tacaño
  • renuente
  • tener diarrea

Portuguese

  • adstringente
  • hesitar
  • relutante
  • ter diarréia

French

  • astringent
  • hésiter
  • rechigner
  • diarrhée
  • chic
1364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
729 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2600 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1025 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1483 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1334 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1693 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1809 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1400 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
625 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
377 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
471 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17750P Morohashi
513 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3200 New Nelson (John Haig)
1738 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1875 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1455 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
340 2001 Kanji
3a8.19 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
3113.2 Four corner code
1-29-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e0b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
stagnate, be delayed, overdue, arrears
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1107 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 滞在 【タイザイ】 stay, sojourn
  • 滞納 【タイノウ】 falling behind (with a payment), being in arrears, non-payment, default, delinquency
  • 渋滞 【ジュウタイ】 congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
  • 停滞 【テイタイ】 stagnation, tie-up, standstill, congestion, delay, accumulation, falling into arrears

Kun reading compounds

  • 滞る 【とどこおる】 to stagnate, to be delayed, to be left undone, to be overdue (of a payment), to fall into arrears, to be outstanding

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi4
Korean:
che

Spanish

  • retraso
  • atraso
  • estancarse
  • retrasarse

Portuguese

  • estagnar
  • demorar-se
  • atrasar-se
  • atraso no pagamento

French

  • stagner
  • retard
  • arriérés
1549 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1215 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2661 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1251 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1492 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
964 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
995 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1402 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1234 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
815 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
477 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
609 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
423 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18067P Morohashi
663 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3280 New Nelson (John Haig)
416 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
445 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1640 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
3a10.14 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
3412.7 Four corner code
1-34-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6ede Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
slacken, loosen, relax, lessen, be moderate, ease
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
933 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 緩和 【カンワ】 relief, mitigation, alleviation, relaxation (of restrictions, tensions, etc.), easing, softening
  • 緩急 【カンキュウ】 pace, tempo, slow and fast, in case of emergency
  • 弛緩 【シカン】 relaxation (e.g. of muscles), becoming flaccid
  • 軍紀弛緩 【グンキチカン】 lack of (slackness in) military discipline, demoralization

Kun reading compounds

  • 緩い 【ゆるい】 loose, lenient, lax, gentle (curve, slope, etc.), slow, weak, soft, not firm, difficult, hard
  • 緩やか 【ゆるやか】 loose, slack, gentle (slope, curve), slow (speed), lenient, liberal, lax
  • 緩やかに進む 【ゆるやかにすすむ】 to proceed slowly
  • 緩む 【ゆるむ】 to become loose, to slacken (e.g. rope), to become less tense, to relax, to let one's guard down, to slacken (e.g. coldness, supervision), to become lax, to become softer (e.g. ground, facial expression), (of ice) to partially melt, to decrease (e.g. speed), (of a market price) to go down slightly
  • 緩める 【ゆるめる】 to loosen, to slacken, to relax (attention, efforts, etc.), to let down (one's guard), to relieve (tension), to relax (a rule), to ease (e.g. restrictions), to loosen (control), to reduce (speed), to slow down, to ease up, to make more gradual (of a slope)

Readings

Japanese names:
ひろ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
huan3
Korean:
wan

Spanish

  • fácil
  • despacio
  • disminución
  • mitigado
  • aliviado
  • aflojar(se)
  • relajar(se)
  • disminuir
  • indulgente

Portuguese

  • afrouxar
  • relaxar
  • diminuir
  • moderar
  • facilitar

French

  • relâcher
  • abaisser
  • décompresser
  • lâche (noeud)
  • modéré
  • aise
1112 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1267 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3584 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1454 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1639 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2659 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1089 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1271 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1549 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1757 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
943 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1272 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1971 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27669 Morohashi
1389 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4551 New Nelson (John Haig)
1952 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2102 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1791 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2767 2001 Kanji
6a9.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-9 SKIP code
2294.7 Four corner code
1-20-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7de9 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
Variants:
harmony, Japanese style, peace, soften, Japan
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
124 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 和 【ワ】 sum, harmony, peace, Japan, Japanese-style
  • 和服 【ワフク】 Japanese clothes
  • 緩和 【カンワ】 relief, mitigation, alleviation, relaxation (of restrictions, tensions, etc.), easing, softening
  • 調和 【チョウワ】 harmony, accord, reconciliation, agreement
  • 阿蘭陀 【オランダ】 Netherlands, Holland
  • 和尚 【オショウ】 priestly teacher, preceptor, monk (esp. the head monk of a temple), priest, head priest, second highest priestly rank in Buddhism, master (of one's art, trade, etc.)
  • 和尚 【オショウ】 priestly teacher, preceptor, monk (esp. the head monk of a temple), priest, head priest, second highest priestly rank in Buddhism, master (of one's art, trade, etc.)
  • 和声 【ワセイ】 harmony, concord, consonance
  • 諧和 【カイワ】 gentle mutual affection, harmony, harmony

Kun reading compounds

  • 和らぐ 【やわらぐ】 to soften, to calm down, to be eased, to be mitigated, to subside, to abate
  • 和らげる 【やわらげる】 to soften, to moderate, to relieve
  • 和む 【なごむ】 to be softened, to calm down
  • 和やか 【なごやか】 mild, calm, gentle, quiet, congenial, amicable, amiable, friendly, genial, harmonious, peaceful
  • 和える 【あえる】 to dress (vegetables, salad, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あい、 いず、 かず、 かつ、 かつり、 かづ、 たけ、 ち、 とも、 な、 にぎ、 まさ、 やす、 よし、 より、 わだこ、 わっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
he2, he4, huo2, huo4, huo5, hai1, he5
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • armonía
  • paz
  • estilo japonés
  • suavizar
  • calmar
  • tranquilo
  • armonioso

Portuguese

  • harmonia
  • estilo Japonês
  • paz
  • amaciar
  • Japão

French

  • harmonie
  • style japonais
  • paix
  • adoucir
  • Japon
338 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
440 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
416 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
151 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3268 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
277 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
412 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
638 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.5 Japanese for Busy People
124 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
124 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
352 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
326 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1450 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
769 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1044 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
906 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3490 Morohashi
1130 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
770 New Nelson (John Haig)
897 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
963 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
85 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
318 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2277 2001 Kanji
5d3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-3 SKIP code
2690.0 Four corner code
1-47-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
548c Unicode hex code