Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
cold
Kun:
さむ.い
On:
カン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1456 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 寒 【カン】 midwinter, cold season, coldest days of the year
  • 寒気 【サムケ】 chill, the shivers, shivering fit, cold, coldness, cold air
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 防寒 【ボウカン】 protection against cold

Kun reading compounds

  • 寒い 【さむい】 cold (e.g. weather), uninteresting (esp. joke), lame, dull, weak, corny

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 さん
Chinese:
han2
Korean:
han

Spanish

  • frío
  • desolado

Portuguese

  • Frio

French

  • froid (temps)
175 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
263 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
245 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1195 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1322 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
831 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
159 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1714 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
457 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
464 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
120 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
490 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2894 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1490 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1540 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7239X Morohashi
2311 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 New Nelson (John Haig)
1526 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1645 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
393 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
740 2001 Kanji
3m9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-9 SKIP code
3030.3 Four corner code
20-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bd2 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
heavens, sky, imperial
Kun:
あまつあめあま-
On:
テン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
512 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 天 【テン】 sky, heaven, svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth), deva (divine being of Buddhism)
  • 天下 【テンカ】 the whole world, the whole country, society, the public, supremacy over a nation, government of a country, the ruling power, having one's own way, doing as one pleases, peerless, incomparable, superlative, world-famous, shogun (Edo period)
  • 炎天 【エンテン】 blazing heat, scorching sun
  • 楽天 【ラクテン】 optimism

Kun reading compounds

  • 天津 【あまつ】 heavenly, imperial
  • 天津乙女 【あまつおとめ】 celestial maiden
  • 天 【てん】 sky, heaven, svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth), deva (divine being of Buddhism)
  • 天地 【てんち】 heaven and earth, the universe, nature, top and bottom, realm, sphere, world, top and bottom, gods of heaven and earth

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あも、 た、 たかし、 て、 なま
Chinese:
tian1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • paraíso
  • cielo
  • imperial

Portuguese

  • paraíso
  • ceú
  • imperiais

French

  • cieux
  • ciel
  • impérial
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
67 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
58 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
364 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
16 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
78 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
41 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
93 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
141 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
141 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
462 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4250 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2148 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2898 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
435 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5833 Morohashi
3442 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1138 New Nelson (John Haig)
428 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
457 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
277 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
34 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3163 2001 Kanji
0a4.21 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-1 SKIP code
1043.0 Four corner code
37-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5929 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
cultivate, foster
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1431 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 培養 【バイヨウ】 cultivation, nurture, culture
  • 培地 【バイチ】 culture medium, growth medium
  • 育成栽培 【イクセイサイバイ】 vegetable and fruit growing
  • 促成栽培 【ソクセイサイバイ】 forcing (plants, vegetables, etc.), artificially hastening the growth of plants (by controlling heat, light, etc.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 培う 【つちかう】 to cultivate, to foster

Readings

Chinese:
pei2
Korean:
bae, bu

Spanish

  • cultivo
  • fomento
  • cultivar
  • fomentar

Portuguese

  • cultivar
  • alimentar

French

  • culture (plantes)
  • entretenir
1690 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1615 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1091 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1492 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1153 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1291 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1828 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1977 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1640 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
377 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
558 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
340 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
420 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
488 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5195 Morohashi
464 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1032 New Nelson (John Haig)
477 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
516 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1419 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1477 2001 Kanji
3b8.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
4016.1 Four corner code
39-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57f9 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
ground, earth
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
40 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 地 【チ】 earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)
  • 地位 【チイ】 (social) position, status
  • 奥地 【オクチ】 interior, backwoods, hinterland, back regions
  • 対地 【タイチ】 ground to ground
  • 地 【ジ】 ground, land, earth, soil, the region in question, the local area, skin, texture, fabric, material, weave, base, background, one's true nature, narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story), real life, actuality, captured territory (in the game of go), noh chorus, accompaniment music (in Japanese dance), basic phrase (in Japanese music; usu. repetitive), base part (of multiple shamisens)
  • 地合い 【ジアイ】 texture (cloth, fabric, paper), market tone, undertone, balance between the position of white and black stones (in go)
  • 下地 【シタジ】 groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge (of), grounding (in), undercoat, first coat, soy sauce
  • 築地 【ツイジ】 mud wall with a roof, roofed mud wall

Readings

Japanese names:
どま
Chinese:
di4, de5
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • terreno
  • posición

Portuguese

  • terra
  • chão

French

  • sol
  • terre
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
184 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
40 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
143 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
143 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
241 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
118 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
236 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
521 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4890 Morohashi
204 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
976 New Nelson (John Haig)
515 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
554 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
45 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
130 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
3b3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
4411.2 Four corner code
35-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5730 Unicode hex code