Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
kneel
Parts:
Variants:
instead, on the contrary, rather, step back, withdraw, retreat
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
959 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 焼却 【ショウキャク】 incineration, destroy by fire
  • 償却 【ショウキャク】 repayment, redemption, depreciation, amortization, amortisation

Kun reading compounds

  • 却って 【かえって】 on the contrary, rather, all the more, instead
  • 退ける 【しりぞける】 to repel, to drive away, to repulse, to reject

Readings

Chinese:
que4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • retirarse
  • echarse atrás
  • rechazar

Portuguese

  • ao invés
  • ao contrário
  • melhor

French

  • au lieu de
  • au contraire
  • plutôt
1145 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1252 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
808 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1680 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1114 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1783 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1915 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1616 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
252 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1436 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
761 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1034 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1407 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2856 Morohashi
1118 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
631 New Nelson (John Haig)
1395 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1497 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1101 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2e5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-2 SKIP code
4772.0 Four corner code
21-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5374 Unicode hex code