Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
dot
Parts:
lord, chief, master, main thing, principal
Kun:
ぬしおもあるじ
On:
シュシュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
95 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord, the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 首位 【シュイ】 first place, head position, leading position
  • 自主 【ジシュ】 independence, autonomy, self-reliance
  • 盟主 【メイシュ】 leader (of an alliance), leading power
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 法主 【ホッス】 high priest
  • 座主 【ザス】 temple's head priest
  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord, the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 主従 【シュウジュウ】 master and servant, lord and retainer, employer and employee

Kun reading compounds

  • 主 【ぬし】 head (of a household, etc.), leader, master, owner, proprietor, proprietress, subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed), guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.), husband, you
  • 馬主 【うまぬし】 owner of a horse (esp. racehorse), registered owner (of a racehorse)
  • 船主 【せんしゅ】 shipowner
  • 主 【おも】 chief, main, principal, important, main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
  • 主に 【おもに】 mainly, primarily
  • 主 【あるじ】 head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, master (of a servant), entertaining someone as one's guest
  • 女主 【おんなあるじ】 female owner, proprietress, landlady
  • 坊の主 【ぼうのあるじ】 master of the priests quarters

Readings

Japanese names:
かず、 ず、 もん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhu3
Korean:
ju

Spanish

  • señor
  • jefe
  • dueño
  • patrón

Portuguese

  • senhor
  • chefe
  • mestre
  • coisa principal
  • principal

French

  • maître
  • seigneur
  • chef
  • principal
  • propriétaire
  • mari
237 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
315 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
299 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
91 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
285 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
49 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
106 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
196 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
155 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
155 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
19 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2437 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1231 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
272 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
100 Morohashi
1938 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
38 New Nelson (John Haig)
266 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
284 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
34 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
252 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
472 2001 Kanji
4f1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-4 SKIP code
4-5-2 SKIP code
2-2-3 SKIP code
0010.4 Four corner code
1-28-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e3b Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
step
Parts:
duty, war, campaign, drafted labor, office, service, role
On:
ヤクエキ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
315 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 役 【ヤク】 role, assignment, responsibility, duty, function, job, service, position (of responsibility), post, office, part (in a play, film, etc.), role, character, scoring combination, hand, yaku, meld
  • 役員 【ヤクイン】 director, executive, officer, official, person in charge
  • 悪役 【アクヤク】 villain, baddie, the villain's part
  • 大役 【タイヤク】 important task, important role, great duty, important mission, major part (in a film, play, etc.), leading role, high-scoring combination
  • 役 【エキ】 war, campaign, battle, unpaid work (ritsuryō system), forced labor
  • 役務 【エキム】 labor, labour, service
  • 荷役 【ニエキ】 handling cargo, loading and unloading
  • 就役 【シュウエキ】 being placed on duty, going into commission (of a warship, freighter, etc.), being placed in commission

Readings

Japanese names:
ちゃく
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yi4
Korean:
yeog

Spanish

  • oficio
  • deber
  • servicio
  • papel
  • (guerra)

Portuguese

  • dever
  • guerra
  • campanha
  • esboço
  • escritório
  • serviço
  • papel

French

  • rôle
  • fonctions
  • guerre
  • campagne
  • corvée
  • poste
  • service
324 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
419 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
397 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
315 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1598 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
171 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
519 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
368 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
375 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
376 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
609 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
620 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
288 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
217 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
893 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10057 Morohashi
244 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1726 New Nelson (John Haig)
884 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
949 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
266 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
290 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2068 2001 Kanji
3i4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
2724.7 Four corner code
1-44-82 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f79 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
descend, precipitate, fall, surrender
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
596 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 降格 【コウカク】 demotion, relegation, downgrading
  • 降雨 【コウウ】 rainfall, rain
  • 乗降 【ジョウコウ】 getting on and off, embarking and disembarking
  • 投降 【トウコウ】 surrender
  • 降三世明王 【ゴウザンゼミョウオウ】 Trailokyavijaya Vidya-raja, conqueror of the three worlds
  • 降誕会 【ゴウタンエ】 service celebrating the birth of the Buddha (held on April 8), Buddha's birthday festival

Kun reading compounds

  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降る 【ふる】 to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.), to come down, to form (of frost), to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight), to pour in, to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.), to come, to arrive
  • 降り 【ふり】 rainfall, snowfall, alighting, descending
  • 降りしきる 【ふりしきる】 to fall incessantly (rain, snow, etc.), to downpour
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping

Readings

Japanese names:
ふり、 ふる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiang4, xiang2
Korean:
hang, gang

Spanish

  • caer
  • bajar
  • descender
  • llover
  • rendirse
  • desde entonces
  • bajarse

Portuguese

  • descer
  • precipitar
  • queda
  • rendição

French

  • descendre
  • pleuvoir
  • précipiter
  • tomber
  • se rendre
873 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
863 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
787 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4994 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
887 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
984 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1058 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
947 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
977 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
731 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
548 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
335 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
414 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1317 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41620 Morohashi
458 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6450 New Nelson (John Haig)
1308 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1405 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
898 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
2d7.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
7725.4 Four corner code
1-25-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
964d Unicode hex code