Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
long, grow 長 (镸)
Parts:
Variants:
long, leader, superior, senior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
12 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 長 【チョウ】 head, chief, leader, elder, merit, strong point, superiority, major
  • 長官 【チョウカン】 secretary (government), director, chief
  • 体長 【タイチョウ】 length (of an animal), body length
  • 医長 【イチョウ】 medical director, chief physician

Kun reading compounds

  • 長い 【ながい】 long (distance, length), long (time), protracted, prolonged
  • 長居 【ながい】 long visit, overstaying
  • 長 【おさ】 head, chief, leader, elder, the greatest of all, the most excellent
  • 長亀 【おさがめ】 leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  • 田長 【たおさ】 master of the rice field, chief farmer, lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 死出田長 【しでたおさ】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 おしゃ、 たかし、 たけ、 な、 は、 ひさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chang2, zhang3
Korean:
jang

Spanish

  • largo
  • jefe
  • sobresaliente

Portuguese

  • Longo
  • ambicionar
  • líder
  • chefe

French

  • long
  • chef
116 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
189 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
173 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
25 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4938 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
155 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
95 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
939 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
95 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
95 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
89 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1837 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3163 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1626 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2212 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1939 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41100 Morohashi
2556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6379 New Nelson (John Haig)
1920 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2070 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
90 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
161 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3465 2001 Kanji
0a8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
4-8-1 SKIP code
7173.2 Four corner code
1-36-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9577 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
valley
Parts:
valley
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N2
508 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 谷底平野 【コクテイヘイヤ】 valley plain
  • 渓谷 【ケイコク】 valley (with a river running through it), gorge, ravine, canyon
  • 盤谷 【バンコク】 Bangkok (Thailand)

Kun reading compounds

  • 谷 【たに】 valley
  • 谷間 【たにま】 valley, ravine, chasm, dell, cleavage (breasts), slum
  • 不気味の谷 【ぶきみのたに】 uncanny valley (hypothesis about humanoid robots)
  • 千尋の谷 【せんじんのたに】 bottomless ravine, abyss
  • 極まる 【きわまる】 to reach an extreme, to reach a limit, to terminate, to come to an end, extremely, to be stuck, to be in a dilemma, to be at a loss, to be decided, to be settled

Readings

Japanese names:
がい、 がえ、 がや、 せ、 たり、 たん、 や
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gu3, yu4
Korean:
gog, yog

Spanish

  • valle

Portuguese

  • vale

French

  • vallée
78 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
135 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
122 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
249 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4458 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
528 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
914 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
449 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
653 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
664 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
458 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1714 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2536 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1290 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1758 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
796 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36182 Morohashi
2043 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5730 New Nelson (John Haig)
788 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
851 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
143 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2077 2001 Kanji
2o5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-5 SKIP code
8060.8 Four corner code
1-35-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8c37 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
river 巛 (川, 巜)
Parts:
stream, river, river or three-stroke river radical (no. 47)
Kun:
かわ
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
181 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 川柳 【センリュウ】 senryū, comic haiku, humorous seventeen-mora poem
  • 川きゅう 【センキュウ】 cnidium rhizome (Cnidium officinale)
  • 山川 【サンセン】 mountains and rivers
  • 四川 【シセン】 Sichuan (China), Szechuan, Szechwan

Kun reading compounds

  • 川 【かわ】 river, stream, River, the ... river
  • 川上 【かわかみ】 upper reaches of a river, upstream
  • 堀川 【ほりかわ】 canal
  • 山川 【さんせん】 mountains and rivers

Readings

Japanese names:
か、 こ、 さわ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chuan1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • arroyo
  • río

Portuguese

  • corrente
  • rio

French

  • rivière
  • fleuve
  • radical rivière (no. 47)
39 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
59 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
48 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
111 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1447 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
41 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
49 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
20 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
33 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
101 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
548 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
6 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
129 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8673 Morohashi
6 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1526 New Nelson (John Haig)
127 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
134 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
196 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
21 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1254 2001 Kanji
0a3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-2 SKIP code
2200.0 Four corner code
1-32-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5ddd Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
permanence, distant, long time, leisure
On:
ユウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1921 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 悠 【ユウ】 quiet, calm, leisurely, composed, distant, far-off, boundless, endless, eternal
  • 悠々 【ユウユウ】 quiet, calm, leisurely, composed, easily, comfortably, without difficulty, distant, far-off, boundless, endless, eternal

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
you1
Korean:
yu

Spanish

  • distante
  • mucho tiempo

Portuguese

  • permanência
  • tempo longo
  • distante
  • lazer

French

  • éternité
  • éloigné
  • permanence
  • tranquille
1866 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1881 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1701 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1298 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1481 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1597 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1704 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1699 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
787 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3407 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1755 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2389 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
967 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10681 Morohashi
2741 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1872 New Nelson (John Haig)
958 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1031 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1432 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2158 2001 Kanji
4k7.20 The Kanji Dictionary
2-7-4 SKIP code
1-3-8 SKIP code
2833.4 Four corner code
1-45-10 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
60a0 Unicode hex code