Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
suffering, trial, worry, hardship, feel bitter, scowl
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
623 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 苦 【ク】 pain, anguish, suffering, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, difficulty, hardship, duhkha (suffering)
  • 苦境 【クキョウ】 difficult situation, adverse circumstances, predicament, trouble, dilemma, distress
  • 生活苦 【セイカツク】 life's struggles
  • 病苦 【ビョウク】 pain of sickness

Kun reading compounds

  • 苦しい 【くるしい】 painful, difficult, tough, hard, distressing, (psychologically) difficult, stressful, awkward (e.g. position), straitened (circumstances), tight (financial situation), needy, struggling, strained (interpretation, explanation, etc.), lame (e.g. excuse), forced (e.g. smile), far-fetched, hard to do, unpleasant
  • 苦しい言い訳 【くるしいいいわけ】 lame excuse, poor excuse
  • 苦しむ 【くるしむ】 to suffer, to groan, to be worried
  • 苦しめる 【くるしめる】 to torment, to pain, to inflict (physical) pain, to hurt, to harass, to cause (emotional) pain, to afflict, to distress, to bother, to trouble, to stump, to baffle
  • 苦い 【にがい】 bitter
  • 苦い薬 【にがいくすり】 bitter medicine
  • 苦る 【にがる】 to feel bitter, to scowl

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ku3
Korean:
go

Spanish

  • sufrimiento
  • pena
  • doloroso
  • penoso
  • trabajoso
  • amargo

Portuguese

  • sofrimento
  • experiência
  • preocupar
  • dificuldade
  • sentir- se amargo
  • tristeza

French

  • souffrir
  • peine
  • affliction
  • souci
  • amer
  • renfrogné
197 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
283 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
264 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
597 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3928 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
264 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
864 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
687 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
545 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
554 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
342 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
646 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2789 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1433 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1932 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
230 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30797P Morohashi
2243 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5009 New Nelson (John Haig)
225 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
239 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
344 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
295 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1977 2001 Kanji
3k5.24 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
4460.4 Four corner code
1-22-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
82e6 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
pocket, feelings, heart, yearn, miss someone, become attached to, bosom, breast
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1493 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 懐疑 【カイギ】 doubt, skepticism, scepticism, disbelief
  • 懐古 【カイコ】 reminiscence, nostalgia, thinking fondly of the past, recalling the old days
  • 述懐 【ジュッカイ】 speaking about (one's thoughts, memories, etc.), relating (one's feelings, reminiscences, etc.), recollection, reminiscence
  • 追懐 【ツイカイ】 recollection, remembrance, reminiscence

Kun reading compounds

  • 懐 【ふところ】 inside the breast of one's clothing (esp. kimono), bosom, (breast) pocket, space between one's chest and outstretched arms, (one's) reach, heart (e.g. of a mountain), bosom (e.g. of nature), depths, inner part, mind, heart, inner thoughts, money (one is carrying), purse, pocketbook
  • 懐刀 【ふところがたな】 dagger, stiletto, confidant, right-hand man
  • 苦しい懐 【くるしいふところ】 tight budget
  • 自然の懐 【しぜんのふところ】 bosom of Nature
  • 懐かしい 【なつかしい】 dear (old), fondly-remembered, beloved, missed, nostalgic
  • 懐かしむ 【なつかしむ】 to yearn for (someone, something), to miss
  • 懐く 【なつく】 to become attached (to), to take (to), to become affectionate (with), to be tamed
  • 懐ける 【なつける】 to win over, to win another's heart
  • 抱く 【いだく】 to hold in one's arms (e.g. a baby), to embrace, to hug, to have (a thought or feeling), to hold, to harbour (suspicion, doubt, etc.), to harbor, to bear (a grudge, ill will, etc.), to entertain (hope, illusions, etc.), to cherish (e.g. an ambition)
  • 思う 【おもう】 to think, to consider, to believe, to reckon, to think (of doing), to plan (to do), to judge, to assess, to regard, to imagine, to suppose, to dream, to expect, to look forward to, to feel, to be (in a state of mind), to desire, to want, to recall, to remember

Readings

Japanese names:
かね
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
huai2
Korean:
hoe

Spanish

  • añoranza
  • nostalgia
  • bolsillo propio
  • añorar
  • echar de menos
  • pensar

Portuguese

  • bolso
  • sentimentos
  • coração
  • saudades
  • sentir saudades
  • torna-se ligado a
  • seio
  • peitos

French

  • poche
  • bourse
  • sentiments
  • coeur
  • apprivoiser
  • nostalgie
  • aspirer à
  • s'attacher à
  • manquer (personne)
  • seins
1067 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1736 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1782 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1188 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1326 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2605 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1408 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1497 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1463 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
832 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
942 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
528 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
689 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
836 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11351 Morohashi
763 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2003 New Nelson (John Haig)
828 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
891 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1831 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1165 2001 Kanji
4k13.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-13 SKIP code
9403.2 Four corner code
1-18-91 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
61d0 Unicode hex code