Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
elementary, principle, naked, uncovered
Kun:
もと
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
660 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 素 【ソ】 plain, white silk, prime
  • 素案 【ソアン】 rough plan, draft
  • 栄養素 【エイヨウソ】 nutrient
  • 酵素 【コウソ】 enzyme
  • 素 【ス】 one's nature, one's feelings, oneself, plain, unadorned, undecorated, unadulterated, au naturel, mere, poor, exceedingly
  • 素顔 【スガオ】 face with no make-up, unpainted face, true face (of a country, celebrity, etc.), real face, true picture, real nature, sober face, sobriety
  • 空素 【カラス】 dealt hand containing only 1-point cards (scoring combination)
  • 鉤素 【ハリス】 snell (fishing), leader, trace, cast

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元より 【もとより】 from the beginning, from the first, all along, originally, of course
  • 味の素 【あじのもと】 Ajinomoto, brand name of monosodium glutamate (MSG)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
su4
Korean:
so

Spanish

  • materia prima
  • elemental
  • normal
  • usual

Portuguese

  • elementar
  • princípio
  • descoberto
  • nu

French

  • élément
  • principe
  • nu
  • découvert
658 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
759 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
737 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
717 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3511 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
797 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1623 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1707 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
271 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
271 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
636 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1506 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3108 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1590 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2171 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1546 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27300 Morohashi
2458 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4456 New Nelson (John Haig)
1532 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1652 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
500 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
716 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1441 2001 Kanji
6a4.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-6 SKIP code
5090.3 Four corner code
1-33-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d20 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
246 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 直 【チョク】 direct, in person, frankness, honesty, simplicity, cheerfulness, correctness, being straight, night duty, shift (e.g. in a factory)
  • 直営 【チョクエイ】 direct management
  • 司直 【シチョク】 judge, judiciary, administration of justice, judicial authorities
  • 愚直 【グチョク】 simple honesty, tactless frankness
  • 直 【ジキ】 soon, in a moment, before long, shortly, nearby, close, direct, spot transaction, cash transaction
  • 直に 【ジキニ】 immediately, right away, at once, soon, shortly, in a moment, before long, easily, readily
  • 高直 【コウジキ】 expensive, valuable
  • バカ正直 【バカショウジキ】 honest to a fault, foolishly honest, naively honest
  • 直 【ジカ】 direct
  • 直に 【ジカニ】 directly, in person, firsthand

Kun reading compounds

  • 直ちに 【ただちに】 at once, immediately, right away, without delay, directly (face, lead to, etc.), automatically (mean, result in, etc.)
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again, to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform
  • 直る 【なおる】 to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed, to return to normal, to recover (e.g. one's temper), to be restored, to improve, to rally, to come right, to be corrected, to get put right, to be rectified, to come right, to cure (itself), to get cured, to sit properly, to be promoted, to rise, to have one's crimes forgiven
  • 直き 【なおき】 straight, upright
  • 直ぐ 【すぐ】 immediately, at once, right away, directly, soon, before long, shortly, easily, readily, without difficulty, right (near), nearby, just (handy), honest, upright, frank, straightforward
  • 直ぐさま 【すぐさま】 immediately, promptly
  • 真直ぐ 【ますぐ】 straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect, straightforward, honest, frank

Readings

Japanese names:
すぐ、 なお、 のう、 のお
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi2
Korean:
jig

Spanish

  • derecho
  • recto
  • correcto
  • de inmediato
  • arreglar
  • reparar
  • arreglarse
  • repararse

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • honestidade
  • franqueza
  • consertar
  • reparo

French

  • droit devant
  • directement
  • honnêteté
  • franchise
  • réparer
  • guérir
  • tout de suite
472 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
349 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
329 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
775 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
304 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
758 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
988 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.3 Japanese for Busy People
423 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
429 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
220 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1377 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3649 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2539 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
73 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23136 Morohashi
2932 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3908 New Nelson (John Haig)
73 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
77 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
214 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
162 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1575 2001 Kanji
2k6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-1-7 SKIP code
2-2-6 SKIP code
4071.6 Four corner code
1-36-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76f4 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
say
Parts:
bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
810 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 曲 【キョク】 composition, piece of music, song, track (on a record), tune, melody, air, enjoyment, fun, interest, pleasure
  • 曲折 【キョクセツ】 windings, meanderings, complications, twists and turns
  • 歌謡曲 【カヨウキョク】 kayōkyoku, form of Japanese popular music that developed during the Showa era, (Western) pop song
  • 名曲 【メイキョク】 famous piece of music, excellent song, (musical) masterpiece

Kun reading compounds

  • 曲がる 【まがる】 to bend, to curve, to warp, to wind, to twist, to turn, to be awry, to be askew, to be crooked
  • 曲げる 【まげる】 to bend, to crook, to bow, to curve, to curl, to lean, to tilt, to incline, to slant, to bend (the truth), to distort, to twist, to pervert, to yield (a point), to depart (from a principle), to ignore (what one really thinks), to pawn
  • 隈 【くま】 corner, nook, recess, shade, shadow, dark area, dark circles (under the eyes), dark rings, shading, gradation, kumadori, style of kabuki makeup used for violent roles

Readings

Japanese names:
まがた
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qu3, qu1
Korean:
gog

Spanish

  • melodía
  • curva
  • encorvado
  • torcer
  • doblar
  • torcerse
  • girarse

Portuguese

  • tender
  • música
  • melodia
  • composição
  • prazer
  • injustiça
  • falta
  • curva
  • tortuoso
  • perverso
  • inclinar

French

  • courber
  • musique
  • mélodie
  • composition
  • plaisir
  • injustice
  • faute
  • malhonnête
  • pervers
  • pencher
381 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
279 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
261 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
604 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
103 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
715 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
609 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
327 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
366 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
367 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
625 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
996 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4340 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2197 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2956 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1180 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14280 Morohashi
3527 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2418 New Nelson (John Haig)
1172 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
264 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1976 2001 Kanji
0a6.27 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
5560.0 Four corner code
1-22-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
66f2 Unicode hex code