Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
astringent, hesitate, reluctant, have diarrhea
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1011 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 渋滞 【ジュウタイ】 congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
  • 渋面 【ジュウメン】 grimace, sullen face
  • 難渋 【ナンジュウ】 suffering, distress, difficulty, hardship, misery, being bogged down, hurdle
  • 晦渋 【カイジュウ】 ambiguous, obscure, equivocal

Kun reading compounds

  • 渋 【しぶ】 kakishibu, astringent persimmon juice used as a dye or to to treat wood, paper, etc.
  • 渋い 【しぶい】 astringent, bitter, puckery, rough, harsh, tart, austere, elegant (and unobtrusive), refined, quiet (and simple), sober, sombre, subdued, tasteful (in a quiet way), understated, sour (look), glum, grim, sullen, sulky, stingy, tight-fisted
  • 柿渋 【かきしぶ】 kakishibu, astringent persimmon juice used as a dye or to to treat wood, paper, etc.
  • 鉄渋 【かなしぶ】 aqueous iron rust
  • 渋い 【しぶい】 astringent, bitter, puckery, rough, harsh, tart, austere, elegant (and unobtrusive), refined, quiet (and simple), sober, sombre, subdued, tasteful (in a quiet way), understated, sour (look), glum, grim, sullen, sulky, stingy, tight-fisted
  • 渋い顔をする 【しぶいかおをする】 to frown (on), to be grim-faced, to look sullen
  • 渋る 【しぶる】 to hesitate, to hold back, to balk, to falter, to be reluctant, to be unwilling, to begrudge, to have loose painful bowel movement, to suffer from tenesmus

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
se4
Korean:
sab

Spanish

  • astringente
  • austero
  • tacaño
  • renuente
  • tener diarrea

Portuguese

  • adstringente
  • hesitar
  • relutante
  • ter diarréia

French

  • astringent
  • hésiter
  • rechigner
  • diarrhée
  • chic
1364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
729 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2600 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1025 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1483 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1334 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1693 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1809 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1400 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
625 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
377 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
471 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17750P Morohashi
513 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3200 New Nelson (John Haig)
1738 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1875 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1455 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
340 2001 Kanji
3a8.19 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
3113.2 Four corner code
1-29-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e0b Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
face 面 (靣)
Parts:
Variants:
mask, face, features, surface
Kun:
おもおもてつら
On:
メンベン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
186 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 面 【メン】 face, mask, face guard, (in kendo) striking the head, surface (esp. a geometrical surface), page, aspect, facet, side, chamfer, counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game
  • 面倒 【メンドウ】 trouble, bother, trouble, difficulty, care, attention
  • 真正面 【マショウメン】 directly opposite, right in front
  • 対面 【タイメン】 meeting face-to-face, seeing in person, facing (each other), opposing (traffic, etc.), confronting

Kun reading compounds

  • 面 【おもて】 face, surface, mask (esp. a noh or kyogen mask)
  • 面白い 【おもしろい】 interesting, fascinating, intriguing, enthralling, amusing, funny, comical, enjoyable, fun, entertaining, pleasant, agreeable, good, satisfactory, favourable, desirable, encouraging
  • 水の面 【みのも】 surface of the water, face of the water
  • 面 【おもて】 face, surface, mask (esp. a noh or kyogen mask)
  • 面伏せ 【おもてぶせ】 being so embarrassed as to keep one's face down
  • 細面 【ほそおもて】 slender face
  • 面 【つら】 face, mug, surface, cheek meat, cheek, cheeks, surrounding area
  • 面汚し 【つらよごし】 disgrace, shame
  • 赤面 【あかつら】 red face, villain (in kabuki, jōruri, etc.)
  • 横面 【よこつら】 side of face

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 ずら、 ほおつき、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mian4
Korean:
myeon

Spanish

  • cara
  • semblante
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • máscara
  • rosto
  • recursos
  • superfície

French

  • masque
  • face
  • traits
  • surface
322 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
417 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
395 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
165 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5087 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
321 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1002 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
904 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
274 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
274 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
438 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1876 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2590 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1324 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1796 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1910 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42618 Morohashi
2087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6566 New Nelson (John Haig)
1892 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2039 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
117 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
347 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3176 2001 Kanji
3s6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
3-5-4 SKIP code
1060.0 Four corner code
1-44-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9762 Unicode hex code