Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
weapon, lance
Parts:
Variants:
husk, nut shell
Kun:
からがら
On:
カクコクバイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1892 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 殻 【カク】 shell (e.g. electron shell)
  • 殻構造 【カクコウゾウ】 shell structure
  • 地殻 【チカク】 (Earth's) crust
  • 介殻 【カイカク】 sea shell
  • 枸橘 【カラタチ】 trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), hardy orange
  • 船殻 【センコク】 hull

Kun reading compounds

  • 殻 【から】 shell, husk, hull, pod, chaff
  • 殻竿 【からざお】 flail (for threshing grain)
  • 雪花菜 【おから】 okara, soy pulp, tofu dregs, edible pulp separated from soybean milk in the production of tofu
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 殻 【がら】 chicken bones (e.g. for soup), chicken carcass, poor-quality coke (coal), left-overs, remnants
  • 灰殻 【はいがら】 ashes
  • 燃え殻 【もえがら】 embers, cinders, burnt residue, combustion residue

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ke2, qiao4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • concha
  • cáscara
  • casco (buque)

Portuguese

  • casca
  • concha de noz

French

  • coquille
  • enveloppe (grain)
1075 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1869 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2456 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1832 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1455 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1728 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1846 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1626 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1141 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1883 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1000 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
717 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1490 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2996 New Nelson (John Haig)
710 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
767 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1451 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1468 2001 Kanji
3p8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-4 SKIP code
4724.7 Four corner code
1-19-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6bbb Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
posture, build, pretend
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
316 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 構成 【コウセイ】 composition, construction, formation, makeup, structure, organization, organisation
  • 構図 【コウズ】 composition
  • 遺構 【イコウ】 (archaeological) remains, remnants (of ancient structures), ancient foundation
  • 外構え 【ソトガマエ】 outward appearance (of a house), exterior, external structure (of a building; e.g. gate, fence, garage), exterior structure

Kun reading compounds

  • 構える 【かまえる】 to set up (a house, store, etc.), to build, to establish, to run, to maintain, to have at the ready (e.g. a gun), to hold in preparation (e.g. a camera), to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal), to adopt a posture, to assume a stance, to stand ready, to be poised for, to put on an air, to assume an attitude, to stiffen, to tense up, to become formal, to fabricate in order to deceive, to make up, to feign, to plan, to scheme
  • 構う 【かまう】 to mind, to care about, to be concerned about, to have a regard for, to be an issue, to matter, to create inconvenience, to keep company, to care for, to look after, to entertain, to pay attention to, to spend time with, to interfere with, to meddle in, to tease, to banish, to prohibit
  • 構うものか 【かまうものか】 who cares?, I don't give a damn, what does it matter?

Readings

Japanese names:
とち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gou4
Korean:
gu

Spanish

  • construir
  • ensamblar
  • preparación
  • preocupación
  • establecerse
  • montar
  • poner
  • interesarse por
  • preocuparse por

Portuguese

  • postura
  • construção
  • fingir

French

  • structure
  • concerné
  • préoccupé
  • construire
  • position
785 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
701 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
675 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
446 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2343 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
455 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
640 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1010 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1048 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
991 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1108 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1325 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
719 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1835 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15317X Morohashi
1049 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2823 New Nelson (John Haig)
1818 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1959 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
498 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
788 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1847 2001 Kanji
4a10.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-10 SKIP code
4594.7 Four corner code
1-25-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
69cb Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
create, make, structure, physique
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
429 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 造語 【ゾウゴ】 coined word, coinage, neologism
  • 造形 【ゾウケイ】 molding, moulding, shaping, modelling (i.e. plastic arts), modeling
  • 変造 【ヘンゾウ】 alteration, defacement, debasement, falsification, forgery
  • 創造 【ソウゾウ】 creation, Creation (by God)

Kun reading compounds

  • 作る 【つくる】 to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to give a (false) appearance, to feign (a smile, etc.), to put on a show of emotion, to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
  • 作り 【つくり】 making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (attire, make-up, etc.), build, physique, sashimi, forced (smile, etc.)
  • 作り上げる 【つくりあげる】 to build up, to complete, to construct, to create, to put together, to make up, to fabricate, to invent, to cook up
  • 塚造 【つかつくり】 megapode (any bird of family Megapodiidae, incl. brush turkeys and mallee fowl), mound builder

Readings

Japanese names:
ずくり、 づくり、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zao4
Korean:
jo

Spanish

  • edificio
  • crear
  • construir

Portuguese

  • criar
  • fazer
  • estrutura
  • psique

French

  • créer
  • fabriquer
  • structure
  • physique
  • maquillage
662 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
761 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
739 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
460 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4701 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
551 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
959 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1236 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
691 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
704 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
965 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
692 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3856 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1983 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2679 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
287 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38898P Morohashi
3110 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6061 New Nelson (John Haig)
281 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
299 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
441 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
717 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2477 2001 Kanji
2q7.11 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3430.6 Four corner code
1-34-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9020 Unicode hex code