Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:
old times, old things, old friend, former, ex-
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
549 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 旧 【キュウ】 old, former, ex-, the old, old things, old customs, old times, bygone days, Japan's old (lunisolar) calendar
  • 旧式 【キュウシキ】 old type, old style
  • 新旧 【シンキュウ】 new and old, incoming and outgoing
  • 懐旧 【カイキュウ】 reminiscence, nostalgia, thinking fondly of the past, recalling the old days

Kun reading compounds

  • 古い 【ふるい】 old, aged, ancient, antiquated, antique, timeworn, long, since long ago, time-honored, of the distant past, long-ago, stale, threadbare, hackneyed, corny, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date
  • 元 【もと】 former, ex-, past, one-time, earlier times, the past, previous state, formerly, previously, originally, before

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiu4
Korean:
gu

Spanish

  • antiguo
  • viejo
  • viejos tiempos

Portuguese

  • tempos antigos
  • coisas antigas
  • amigo velho
  • ex-
  • anteriores

French

  • ancien temps
  • anciennes choses
  • ancien ami
  • ancien -
  • ex-
759 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
677 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
648 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
808 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
94 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
760 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
595 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
119 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1216 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1279 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1376 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
964 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
14 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
35 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13737 Morohashi
14 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2412 New Nelson (John Haig)
35 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
35 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
649 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1278 2001 Kanji
4c1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-4 SKIP code
2600.0 Four corner code
1-21-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
65e7 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
make, production, prepare, build
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
103 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作柄 【サクガラ】 crop conditions, quality (of art)
  • 大作 【タイサク】 large-scale work, voluminous work, monumental work, great work, masterpiece
  • 遺作 【イサク】 posthumous works
  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作文 【サクブン】 writing (an essay, prose, etc.), composition, formal writing with little real meaning
  • 所作 【ショサ】 conduct, behaviour, movements, gesture, one's carriage, performance (on stage, etc.), dance, acting, dance (in kabuki), dance play
  • 安定操作 【アンテイソウサ】 stabilizing (stock) transaction

Kun reading compounds

  • 作る 【つくる】 to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to give a (false) appearance, to feign (a smile, etc.), to put on a show of emotion, to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
  • 作り 【つくり】 making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (attire, make-up, etc.), build, physique, sashimi, forced (smile, etc.)
  • 作り上げる 【つくりあげる】 to build up, to complete, to construct, to create, to put together, to make up, to fabricate, to invent, to cook up

Readings

Japanese names:
くり、 さか、 さっ、 づくり、 とも、 なお、 はぎ、 まさか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zuo1, zuo4, zuo2
Korean:
jag, ja, ju

Spanish

  • hacer
  • construir
  • fabricar
  • conducta
  • comportamiento
  • crear

Portuguese

  • fazer
  • produção
  • preparar
  • construção

French

  • fabriquer
  • produire
  • construire
  • préparer
82 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
127 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
99 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
407 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
147 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
116 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
362 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.4 Japanese for Busy People
360 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
361 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
75 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
77 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
49 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
52 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1151 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
518 Morohashi
68 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
167 New Nelson (John Haig)
1142 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
120 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
144 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2154 2001 Kanji
2a5.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
2821.1 Four corner code
1-26-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f5c Unicode hex code