Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
Kun:
みや
On:
キュウグウクウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N1
367 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宮 【キュウ】 palace, tonic (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale), ancient Chinese punishment (castration for men, or confinement for women), zodiacal sign
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 巨蟹宮 【キョカイキュウ】 Cancer (4th zodiacal sign), the Crab
  • 宮司 【グウジ】 chief priest
  • 宮寺 【グウジ】 Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine
  • 二宮 【ニグウ】 the Two Ise Shrines
  • 東宮 【トウグウ】 crown prince
  • 宮内庁 【クナイチョウ】 Imperial Household Agency
  • 宮内 【クナイ】 inside the Imperial Palace, Department of the Imperial Household
  • 月宮 【ゲッキュウ】 moon palace of the Hindu god Chandra
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period
  • 内宮 【ナイクウ】 Inner Ise Shrine
  • 外宮 【ゲクウ】 outer shrine of the Ise Grand Shrine

Kun reading compounds

  • 宮 【みや】 shrine, palace, imperial residence, Imperial prince, Imperial princess, headboard with built-in shelves, drawers, etc., temple
  • 宮家 【みやけ】 house of a prince of the blood
  • 若宮 【わかみや】 young imperial prince, child of the imperial family, shrine dedicated to a child of the god of the main shrine, newly built shrine (to which a divided tutelary deity has just been transferred)
  • 大宮 【おおみや】 imperial palace, shrine, Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child, elderly woman of imperial lineage

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gung

Spanish

  • príncipe
  • familia imperial
  • santuario

Portuguese

  • Templo Shinto
  • constelação
  • palácio
  • princesa

French

  • sanctuaire
  • constellations
  • palais
  • princesse
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
256 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
419 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1310 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
546 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1209 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
721 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
734 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
929 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
482 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2828 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1042 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7156 Morohashi
2274 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1336 New Nelson (John Haig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1110 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
353 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.6 Four corner code
1-21-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bae Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
open country
Parts:
inside, within, between, among, house, home
Kun:
うち
On:
ナイダイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
44 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 内 【ナイ】 inside, within
  • 内科 【ナイカ】 internal medicine, i.e. treatment by medical procedures rather than surgical procedures, department of internal medicine (hospital, etc.)
  • 島内 【トウナイ】 on an island, on-island
  • 校内 【コウナイ】 within a school
  • 内裏 【ダイリ】 imperial palace, festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress
  • 内府 【ナイフ】 Minister of the Interior (669-1868 CE), Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal (1885-1945 CE)
  • 境内 【ケイダイ】 grounds (esp. of shrines and temples), compound, churchyard, precincts
  • 海内 【カイダイ】 the whole country

Kun reading compounds

  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 内々 【うちうち】 private, confidential, informal, secret, (within the) family circle, (on the) inside
  • 幕内 【まくうち】 highest-ranking division
  • 幕の内 【まくのうち】 box lunch (containing rice and 10-15 small portions of fish, meat, and vegetables), highest-ranking division, intermission (between acts), interlude

Readings

Japanese names:
いと、 ただ、 ち、 のち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nei4
Korean:
nae, nab

Spanish

  • interior
  • dentro de
  • privado

Portuguese

  • interior
  • dentro
  • entre
  • dentre
  • casa

French

  • intérieur
  • dedans
  • entre
  • parmi
  • maison
489 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
207 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
51 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
82 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
132 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
345 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
81 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
84 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
84 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
152 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
160 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4277 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2162 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2914 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1028 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1512 Morohashi
3466 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
386 New Nelson (John Haig)
1019 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1095 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
77 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
99 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1653 2001 Kanji
0a4.23 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-4 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
1-38-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5185 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
focus, government ministry, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
548 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 省察 【セイサツ】 reflection, consideration
  • 省思 【セイシ】 reflection, reexamination, contemplation
  • 三省 【サンセイ】 frequent reflection (meditation)
  • 内省 【ナイセイ】 introspection, reflection on one's self
  • 省 【ショウ】 ministry, department, province (of China), saving, conserving
  • 省エネルギー 【ショウエネルギー】 energy conservation, economical use of energy, energy-saving
  • 郵政省 【ユウセイショウ】 (former) Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (now Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications)
  • 厚生省 【コウセイショウ】 Ministry of Health and Welfare (now Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare)

Kun reading compounds

  • 省みる 【かえりみる】 to reflect on (oneself, past conduct, etc.), to contemplate, to examine, to think over, to introspect
  • 省く 【はぶく】 to omit, to leave out, to exclude, to eliminate, to curtail, to save, to cut down, to economize, to economise

Readings

Japanese names:
さとし、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sheng3, xing3
Korean:
seong, saeng

Spanish

  • omisión
  • departamento del gobierno
  • omitir
  • eliminar
  • reflexionar

Portuguese

  • foco
  • ministério de governo
  • umservar

French

  • faire le point (introspection)
  • abréviation
  • omission
  • économie
  • ministère
  • éliminer
640 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
546 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
516 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
245 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
218 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
408 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
760 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1013 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
145 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
145 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
389 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1382 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3100 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1583 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2164 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
125 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23179 Morohashi
2449 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3916 New Nelson (John Haig)
124 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
131 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
528 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1179 2001 Kanji
5c4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-5 SKIP code
4-9-2 SKIP code
3-4-5 SKIP code
9060.2 Four corner code
1-30-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7701 Unicode hex code