Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Variants:
guard, protect, defend, obey
Kun:
まも.るまも.りもり-もりかみ
On:
シュ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
457 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 守備 【シュビ】 defense, defence
  • 守勢 【シュセイ】 (being on the) defensive
  • 好守 【コウシュ】 good fielding
  • 攻守 【コウシュ】 offense and defense, offence and defence, batting and fielding
  • 守護 【シュゴ】 protection, safeguard, shugo (Kamakura or Muromachi period military governor)
  • 居留守 【イルス】 pretending to be out
  • 神の留守 【カミノルス】 absence of the gods from their shrines in October (while they are visiting the Grand Shrine of Izumo)

Kun reading compounds

  • 守る 【まもる】 to protect, to guard, to defend, to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
  • 守り 【まもり】 protection, defense, defence, providence, amulet, charm, talisman
  • 守り神 【まもりがみ】 guardian deity
  • 島主 【とうしゅ】 island chief
  • 山守 【やまもり】 ranger (forest), mountain guardian
  • 守り 【もり】 babysitting, babysitter, protecting, keeping, keeper
  • 守り立てる 【もりたてる】 to support, to back up, to rally round, to revive (e.g. a company), to boost (e.g. morale), to bring up, to raise
  • 井守 【いもり】 newt (esp. the Japanese fire belly newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster)
  • 足無井守 【あしなしいもり】 caecilian (any burrowing legless amphibian of the order Gymnophiona)
  • 守 【かみ】 director (of the provincial governors under the ritsuryo system)
  • 肥後守 【ひごのかみ】 higonokami, type of folding knife with metal handle
  • 薩摩の守 【さつまのかみ】 traveling while deliberately not paying a fare (travelling)

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 し、 も、 て
Chinese:
shou3
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • guardar proteger
  • defender
  • guardar
  • proteger

Portuguese

  • vigia
  • protege
  • defende
  • obedece

French

  • garder
  • protéger
  • défendre
  • obéir
  • respect (des règles)
421 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
316 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
300 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
564 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1282 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
352 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
460 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
284 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
490 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
499 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
466 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2697 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1375 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1861 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
189 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7071 Morohashi
2173 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1310 New Nelson (John Haig)
186 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
198 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
364 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
270 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
748 2001 Kanji
3m3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-3 SKIP code
3034.2 Four corner code
28-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b88 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
rend, rip, tear, break, destroy, defeat, frustrate
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
590 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 破 【ハ】 (in gagaku or noh) middle section of a song
  • 破壊 【ハカイ】 destruction, disruption, (application) crash
  • 大破 【タイハ】 serious damage, drubbing
  • 踏破 【トウハ】 travelling on foot, traveling on foot, travelling all over

Kun reading compounds

  • 破る 【やぶる】 to tear, to rip, to break, to destroy, to break through (cordon, opponent's defense, etc.), to breach, to defeat, to beat, to break (e.g. silence), to disturb (e.g. peace), to shatter (e.g. dream), to disrupt, to spoil, to violate (e.g. rule), to break (e.g. promise), to infringe, to break (a record)
  • 破れる 【やぶれる】 to get torn, to tear, to rip, to break, to wear out, to be broken off (of negotiations, etc.), to break down, to collapse, to fall into ruin
  • 割れる 【われる】 to break, to be smashed, to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn, to be divided (opinion, vote, etc.), to split (e.g. of a party), to come to light, to become clear, to be identified, to be revealed, to be distorted (of a sound), to be divisible (without a remainder), to go below a minimum

Readings

Chinese:
po4
Korean:
pa

Spanish

  • dañar
  • romper
  • rasgar
  • derrotar
  • completar
  • especial
  • desgarrar
  • desgarrarse
  • desgastarse

Portuguese

  • arrancar
  • rasgar
  • lágrima
  • quebrar
  • destruir
  • derrotar
  • frustrar

French

  • déchirer
  • casser
  • détruire
  • défaire
  • frustrer
692 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
788 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
767 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
634 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3186 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
645 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
765 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1113 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
665 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
676 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1037 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1401 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1478 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
784 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1064 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
814 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24124 Morohashi
1150 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3999 New Nelson (John Haig)
806 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
869 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
427 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
719 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3367 2001 Kanji
5a5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-5 SKIP code
1464.7 Four corner code
39-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7834 Unicode hex code

19 strokes
Radical:
small bird
Parts:
detach, separation, disjoin, digress
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
555 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 離 【リ】 li (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: fire, south)
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 短距離 【タンキョリ】 short distance, short range, short-haul
  • 近距離 【キンキョリ】 short distance

Kun reading compounds

  • 離れる 【はなれる】 to be separated, to be apart, to be distant, to leave, to go away, to leave (a job, etc.), to quit, to give up, to lose connection with, to drift away from
  • 離す 【はなす】 to separate, to part, to divide, to keep apart

Readings

Chinese:
li2
Korean:
ri

Spanish

  • separarse
  • apartarse
  • separar
  • apartar

Portuguese

  • separar
  • separação
  • digressão
  • divagação

French

  • séparer
  • détacher
  • diviser
  • s'écarter
1897 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
641 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5040 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
909 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1887 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2889 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1281 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1355 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1008 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1857 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2364 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1195 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1663 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1505 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42140X Morohashi
1836 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6517 New Nelson (John Haig)
1492 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1605 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1923 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
475 2001 Kanji
8c10.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-11-8 SKIP code
0041.4 Four corner code
46-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
96e2 Unicode hex code