Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国際 【コクサイ】 international, diplomatic intercourse
  • 国語 【コクゴ】 national language, Japanese language (esp. as a school subject in Japan), one's native language, mother tongue, native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords and Chinese-derived words)
  • 大国 【タイコク】 large country, major nation, great power, province of the highest rank (ritsuryō system)
  • 開国 【カイコク】 founding a country, opening of a country (e.g. Japan) to the world, ending (a policy of) national seclusion

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国境 【こっきょう】 national border, provincial border
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際限 【サイゲン】 limits, end, bounds
  • 交際 【コウサイ】 company, friendship, association, society, acquaintance, (romantic) involvement, dating
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
1-26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
punish, penalty, sentence, punishment
On:
ケイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
864 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 刑 【ケイ】 penalty, sentence, punishment
  • 刑事 【ケイジ】 (police) detective, criminal matter
  • 処刑 【ショケイ】 execution
  • 量刑 【リョウケイ】 judge's sentence, assessment of a case

Readings

Japanese names:
おさか、 ぎょう
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xing2
Korean:
hyeong

Spanish

  • pena
  • sentencia
  • castigo

Portuguese

  • Punir
  • penalidade
  • sentença
  • punição

French

  • peine
  • sanction
  • condamnation
  • punition
1193 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
848 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
670 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1001 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1091 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
258 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
887 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
908 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1052 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
185 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1024 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
555 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
734 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
686 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1886 Morohashi
830 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
461 New Nelson (John Haig)
679 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
734 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1061 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3243 2001 Kanji
2f4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-2 SKIP code
1240.0 Four corner code
1-23-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5211 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
hook
Parts:
Variants:
matter, thing, fact, business, reason, possibly
Kun:
ことつか.うつか.える
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
18 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 事 【ジ】 individual concrete phenomenon (as opposed to a general principle)
  • 事故 【ジコ】 accident, incident, trouble, circumstances, reasons
  • 返事 【ヘンジ】 reply, answer, response
  • 食事 【ショクジ】 meal, dinner, diet

Kun reading compounds

  • 事 【こと】 thing, matter, incident, occurrence, event, something serious, trouble, crisis, circumstances, situation, state of affairs, work, business, affair, after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to, nominalizing suffix, pretending to ..., playing make-believe ..., alias, also known as, otherwise known as, or, necessity, need, you should ..., I advise that you ..., it's important to ...
  • 事故 【じこ】 accident, incident, trouble, circumstances, reasons
  • 神事 【しんじ】 Shinto ritual
  • いい事 【いいこと】 good thing, nice thing, good excuse, good grounds, good opportunity, interjection used to impress an idea or to urge a response
  • 仕える 【つかえる】 to serve, to work for, to attend

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • cosa
  • hecho
  • asunto
  • acción

Portuguese

  • matéria
  • coisa
  • fato
  • negócios
  • razão
  • possivelmente

French

  • fait
  • chose
  • matière
  • affaire
  • raison
  • peut-être
230 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
309 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
293 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
32 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
272 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
73 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
108 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
768 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
80 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
80 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
237 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
30 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4384 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2220 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2986 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1164 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
241 Morohashi
3567 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
71 New Nelson (John Haig)
1156 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1240 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
10 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
300 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1547 2001 Kanji
0a8.15 The Kanji Dictionary
4-8-3 SKIP code
5000.7 Four corner code
1-27-86 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e8b Unicode hex code

19 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
Variants:
admonish, commandment
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
366 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 警官 【ケイカン】 police officer, policeman, constable
  • 警察 【ケイサツ】 police, police officer, police station
  • 県警 【ケンケイ】 prefectural police
  • 府警 【フケイ】 prefectural police (Osaka or Kyoto)

Kun reading compounds

  • 戒める 【いましめる】 to warn against, to caution against, to admonish, to scold, to rebuke, to prohibit, to forbid, to ban, to be cautious, to detest, to loathe, to punish

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jing3
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • amonestar
  • advertir

Portuguese

  • advertir
  • mandamentos

French

  • réprimander
  • avertissement
  • commandement
857 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
847 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
410 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4439 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
902 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
912 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
706 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
719 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
476 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1657 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3595 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1847 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2512 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
343 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35989 Morohashi
2893 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5705 New Nelson (John Haig)
336 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
358 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
454 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1005 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1977 2001 Kanji
7a12.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-12-7 SKIP code
4860.1 Four corner code
1-23-57 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8b66 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
guess, presume, surmise, judge, understand
On:
サツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
477 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 察 【サツ】 cops, police
  • 診察 【シンサツ】 medical examination
  • 観察 【カンサツ】 observation, survey, watching

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
cha2
Korean:
chal

Spanish

  • adivinar
  • suponer
  • percibir

Portuguese

  • convidado
  • presumir
  • conjecturar
  • juiz
  • compreender

French

  • deviner
  • présumer
  • supposer
  • juger
  • comprendre
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
516 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
489 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
671 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1334 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
511 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
474 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2180 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
619 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
629 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
475 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
495 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2961 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1520 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2062 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1112 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7283 Morohashi
2347 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1360 New Nelson (John Haig)
1103 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1184 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
492 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
617 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
741 2001 Kanji
3m11.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-11 SKIP code
3090.1 Four corner code
1-27-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bdf Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
loom, mechanism, machine, airplane, opportunity, potency, efficacy, occasion
Kun:
はた
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
127 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 機 【キ】 chance, opportunity, machine, aircraft, counter for aircraft, counter for (remaining) lives
  • 機会 【キカイ】 chance, opportunity
  • 発条 【バネ】 spring, spring (in one's legs), bounce, springboard, impetus
  • 待機 【タイキ】 standing by, awaiting an opportunity, being on alert, quarantine

Kun reading compounds

  • 機 【はた】 loom
  • 機織り 【はたおり】 weaving, weaver
  • 高機 【たかばた】 traditional Japanese treadle-operated tall loom

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • mecanismo
  • máquina
  • avión
  • ocasión
  • telar

Portuguese

  • mecanismo
  • oportunidade
  • ocasião
  • máquina
  • avião

French

  • métier à tisser
  • mécanique
  • opportunité
  • machine
  • avion
  • organique
373 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
476 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
453 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
101 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2379 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
415 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
528 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
334 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1115 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1365 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
736 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1394 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15561 Morohashi
1076 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2880 New Nelson (John Haig)
1382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1482 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
158 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
631 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1859 2001 Kanji
4a12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-12 SKIP code
4295.3 Four corner code
1-21-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a5f Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
posture, build, pretend
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
316 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 構成 【コウセイ】 composition, construction, formation, makeup, structure, organization, organisation
  • 構造 【コウゾウ】 structure, construction, makeup, framework, organization, pattern
  • 機構 【キコウ】 mechanism, machinery, system, structure, organization
  • 虚構 【キョコウ】 fiction, fabrication, concoction

Kun reading compounds

  • 構える 【かまえる】 to set up (a house, store, etc.), to build, to establish, to run, to maintain, to have at the ready (e.g. a gun), to hold in preparation (e.g. a camera), to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal), to adopt a posture, to assume a stance, to stand ready, to be poised for, to put on an air, to assume an attitude, to stiffen, to tense up, to become formal, to fabricate in order to deceive, to make up, to feign, to plan, to scheme
  • 構う 【かまう】 to mind, to care about, to be concerned about, to have a regard for, to be an issue, to matter, to create inconvenience, to keep company, to care for, to look after, to entertain, to pay attention to, to spend time with, to interfere with, to meddle in, to tease, to banish, to prohibit
  • 構うものか 【かまうものか】 who cares?, I don't give a damn, what does it matter?

Readings

Japanese names:
とち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gou4
Korean:
gu

Spanish

  • construir
  • ensamblar
  • preparación
  • preocupación
  • establecerse
  • montar
  • poner
  • interesarse por
  • preocuparse por

Portuguese

  • postura
  • construção
  • fingir

French

  • structure
  • concerné
  • préoccupé
  • construire
  • position
785 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
701 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
675 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
446 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2343 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
455 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
640 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1010 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1048 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
991 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1108 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1325 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
719 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1835 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15317X Morohashi
1049 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2823 New Nelson (John Haig)
1818 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1959 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
498 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
788 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1847 2001 Kanji
4a10.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-10 SKIP code
4594.7 Four corner code
1-25-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
69cb Unicode hex code