Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
moon, month
Parts:
possess, have, exist, happen, occur, approx
Kun:
あ.る
On:
ユウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
282 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 有 【ユウ】 existence, possession, having, limited company
  • 有意義 【ユウイギ】 significant, useful, meaningful, worthwhile, valuable, of interest
  • 領有 【リョウユウ】 possession (esp. of a territory)
  • 公有 【コウユウ】 public ownership, public domain
  • 有 【ウ】 bhava (becoming, existence)
  • 有無 【ウム】 existence or nonexistence, presence or absence, consent or refusal, yes or no
  • 領有 【リョウユウ】 possession (esp. of a territory)
  • 公有 【コウユウ】 public ownership, public domain

Kun reading compounds

  • 有る 【ある】 to be, to exist, to live, to have, to be located, to be equipped with, to happen, to come about
  • ある限り 【あるかぎり】 all (there is), as long as there is

Readings

Japanese names:
あ、 あら、 あり、 ある、 くに、 なお、 ゆ
Chinese:
you3, you4
Korean:
yu

Spanish

  • existir
  • poseer
  • tener
  • ser

Portuguese

  • possuir
  • ter
  • existir
  • acontecer
  • ocorrer
  • aproximadamente
  • haver

French

  • posséder
  • avoir
  • être
  • arriver (se passer)
523 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
423 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
401 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
268 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3727 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
267 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
193 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
303 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.4 Japanese for Busy People
265 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
265 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
347 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1003 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3703 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1895 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2576 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
79 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14332 Morohashi
2983 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4756 New Nelson (John Haig)
79 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
83 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
245 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
273 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1446 2001 Kanji
4b2.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-4 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
45-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6709 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Chinese:
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code