Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国際 【コクサイ】 international, diplomatic intercourse
  • 国語 【コクゴ】 national language, Japanese language (esp. as a school subject in Japan), one's native language, mother tongue, native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords and Chinese-derived words)
  • 大国 【タイコク】 large country, major nation, great power, province of the highest rank (ritsuryō system)
  • 開国 【カイコク】 founding a country, opening of a country (e.g. Japan) to the world, ending (a policy of) national seclusion

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国境 【こっきょう】 national border, provincial border
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
house, home, family, professional, expert, performer
Kun:
いえうち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
133 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 家 【カ】 -ist, -er
  • 家族 【カゾク】 family
  • 画家 【ガカ】 painter, artist
  • 実業家 【ジツギョウカ】 businessman, entrepreneur, captain of industry
  • 家 【ケ】 house (e.g. of Tokugawa), family
  • 家来 【ケライ】 retainer, retinue, servant
  • 分家 【ブンケ】 branch family, cadet family, establishing a branch family
  • 本家 【ホンケ】 head house (family), birthplace, originator

Kun reading compounds

  • 家 【いえ】 house, residence, dwelling, family, household, lineage, family name
  • 家主 【やぬし】 landlord, landlady, house owner, home owner, head of the household
  • 本家 【ほんけ】 head house (family), birthplace, originator
  • 小家 【こいえ】 small and simple home
  • 屋 【や】 shop, store, restaurant, someone who sells (something) or works as (something), someone with a (certain) personality trait, house, roof
  • 家内 【かない】 (my) wife, inside the home, one's family
  • 隠れ家 【かくれが】 hiding place, hideout, refuge, retreat, hideaway
  • 長屋 【ながや】 tenement house, row house
  • 家 【うち】 house, one's house, one's home, one's family, one's household
  • 家中 【うちじゅう】 whole family, entire family, all (members of) the family, all over the house, throughout the house, retainer of a daimyo, feudal domain, clan

Readings

Japanese names:
あり、 え、 く、 つか、 べ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jia1, gu1
Korean:
ga

Spanish

  • casa
  • hogar
  • especialista

Portuguese

  • casa
  • lar

French

  • maison
53 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
89 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
83 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
81 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1311 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
151 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
158 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1185 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
165 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
165 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
52 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
480 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2827 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1458 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1963 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
547 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7169 Morohashi
2273 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1337 New Nelson (John Haig)
541 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
580 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
46 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
189 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
751 2001 Kanji
3m7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3023.2 Four corner code
1-18-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bb6 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
test, try, attempt, experiment, ordeal
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
392 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 試 【シ】 testing, experiment, test, examination, exam, trial
  • 試合 【シアイ】 match, game, bout, contest
  • 公試 【コウシ】 national examinations
  • 考試 【コウシ】 test, exam

Kun reading compounds

  • 試みる 【こころみる】 to try, to attempt, to have a go (at something)
  • 試す 【ためす】 to attempt, to test, to try out
  • 試筋 【ためすじ】 patron, effective means

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • prueba
  • ensayo
  • experimento
  • probar
  • experimentar
  • intentar

Portuguese

  • teste
  • tentativa
  • testar
  • experimento
  • prova

French

  • test
  • essai
  • tentative
  • expérience
  • épreuve
416 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
525 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
499 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
409 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4361 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
354 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
250 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1932 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
526 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
535 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
795 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1680 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1925 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1025 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1385 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
360 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35415 Morohashi
1525 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5611 New Nelson (John Haig)
354 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
378 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
604 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3056 2001 Kanji
7a6.18 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-6 SKIP code
0364.0 Four corner code
1-27-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a66 Unicode hex code

18 strokes
Radical:
horse
Parts:
Variants:
verification, effect, testing
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
410 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 験 【ゲン】 effect, efficacy, omen
  • 検算 【ケンザン】 verification of accounts, checking figures, arithmetic check
  • 試験 【シケン】 examination, exam, test, trial, experiment, test
  • 経験 【ケイケン】 experience
  • 験 【ゲン】 effect, efficacy, omen
  • ゲン担ぎ 【ゲンカツギ】 superstition, acting superstitiously (for good luck)
  • 霊験 【レイゲン】 miraculous efficacy, miracle, miraculous virtue

Kun reading compounds

  • 徴 【しるし】 sign, indication, omen
  • 試す 【ためす】 to attempt, to test, to try out
  • 試し 【ためし】 trial, test

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yan4
Korean:
heom

Spanish

  • prueba
  • intento
  • efecto

Portuguese

  • verificação
  • efeito
  • teste

French

  • vérification
  • examen
  • effet
600 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
500 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
475 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
404 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5220 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
355 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
282 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
532 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
541 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
793 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1920 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2306 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1192 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1628 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1999 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44835 Morohashi
1833 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6758 New Nelson (John Haig)
1980 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2134 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
385 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
635 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3463 2001 Kanji
10a8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-8 SKIP code
7833.6 Four corner code
1-24-19 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9a13 Unicode hex code