Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
exertion, endeavour, encourage, strive, make effort, diligent
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
1066 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 勉強 【ベンキョウ】 study, diligence, discount, reduction
  • 勉学 【ベンガク】 study, pursuit of knowledge
  • 猛勉 【モウベン】 studying hard, cramming
  • のこ勉 【ノコベン】 staying behind after school to do private study

Kun reading compounds

  • 努める 【つとめる】 to endeavor (endeavour), to try, to strive, to make an effort, to exert oneself, to be diligent, to be committed (to doing something)

Readings

Japanese names:
ひこ、 やつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mian3
Korean:
myeon

Spanish

  • esforzarse
  • ejercitarse

Portuguese

  • esforço

French

  • exercice
317 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
413 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
390 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
946 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
228 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
852 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
129 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1263 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
735 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
748 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
219 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4113 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2088 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2829 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1994 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2384P Morohashi
3318 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
543 New Nelson (John Haig)
1975 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2129 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
366 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2557 2001 Kanji
2n8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-2 SKIP code
2421.2 Four corner code
1-42-57 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52c9 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
112 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 強 【キョウ】 a little over, a little more than, powerhouse, one of the biggest, one of the most powerful
  • 強化 【キョウカ】 strengthening, intensifying, reinforcement, enhancement, solidification
  • 列強 【レッキョウ】 major powers of the world, great powers
  • 屈強 【クッキョウ】 robust, brawny, muscular, strong, sturdy
  • 強盗 【ゴウトウ】 robber, mugger, robbery, burglary
  • 強引 【ゴウイン】 overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed

Kun reading compounds

  • 強い 【つよい】 strong, potent, competent, domineering, tough, strong, brawny, powerful, healthy, rugged, good (at), skilled, knowledgeable, being able to handle, know how to deal (with), durable (against), resistant (to), resilient, firm, rigid, solid, intense, strong, fierce, high, dependable, trustworthy
  • 強い心 【つよいこころ】 stout heart, strong mind
  • 強まる 【つよまる】 to get strong, to gain strength
  • 強める 【つよめる】 to strengthen, to emphasize, to emphasise
  • 強いる 【しいる】 to force, to compel, to coerce, to press, to impose
  • 強い 【こわい】 tough, stiff, hard, inflexible, obstinate, stubborn, tired, worn out
  • 強飯 【こわめし】 glutinous rice with red beans (eaten on celebratory occasions), mochi rice with red beans

Readings

Japanese names:
すね
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qiang2, jiang4, qiang3
Korean:
gang

Spanish

  • fuerte
  • coacción
  • poderoso
  • obligar
  • forzar
  • coaccionar

Portuguese

  • Forte
  • poderoso
  • forçar

French

  • fort
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
100 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
112 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1571 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
332 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
170 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1878 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
217 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
611 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
574 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
349 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
432 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1243 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9815 Morohashi
475 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1695 New Nelson (John Haig)
1235 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1321 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
133 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
201 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3571 2001 Kanji
3h8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
1323.6 Four corner code
1-22-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f37 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中尉 【チュウイ】 first lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, interior, among, within, middle, center, centre, during, while, middle, midst, amid, interval, gap, mean, average, second (of three, e.g. sons, volumes), middle, medium grade, medium quality, red-light district
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • そんな中 【そんななか】 wherein, therein, thereinto
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 碁打ち鳥飼い馬鹿の中 【ごうちとりかいばかのうち】 go players and bird keepers are idiots (both activities demand a lot of time)
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, to feel a bite (in fishing), (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to be a ... in relation to ..., to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code