Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷蔵庫 【レイゾウコ】 refrigerator, fridge
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
spring, fountain
Kun:
いずみ
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
1086 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 泉水 【センスイ】 garden pond, miniature lake, fountain
  • 泉下 【センカ】 Hades, the hereafter
  • 源泉 【ゲンセン】 source (of a spring, etc.), source (of payment, energy, knowledge, etc.), origin, wellspring
  • 天然温泉 【テンネンオンセン】 natural hot spring

Kun reading compounds

  • 泉 【いずみ】 spring, fountain
  • 泉熱 【いずみねつ】 Izumi fever (resembles scarlet fever)
  • 知識の泉 【ちしきのいずみ】 source of knowledge

Readings

Japanese names:
いず、 ずい、 ずみ、 ぜい、 ぜん、 の
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
quan2
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • manantial
  • fuente

Portuguese

  • Fonte
  • nascente

French

  • source
  • fontaine
926 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
915 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
902 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3099 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
915 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
674 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
965 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1192 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1253 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
840 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1154 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3176 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1636 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2224 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
135 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17274 Morohashi
2567 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3095 New Nelson (John Haig)
133 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
140 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
887 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
842 2001 Kanji
3a5.33 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-4 SKIP code
2623.2 Four corner code
1-32-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cc9 Unicode hex code