Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
legs
Parts:
beginning, former time, origin
Kun:
もと
On:
ゲンガン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
192 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 元 【ゲン】 unknown (e.g. in an equation), element (of a set), yuan (monetary unit of China), New Taiwan dollar, Yuan dynasty (China, 1271-1368), Yüan dynasty, Mongol dynasty
  • 原価 【ゲンカ】 cost price
  • 中元 【チュウゲン】 15th day of the 7th lunar month, (last day of) Bon lantern festival, mid-year gift, summer gift, Bon Festival gifts
  • 抗原 【コウゲン】 antigen
  • 元日 【ガンジツ】 New Year's Day
  • 元凶 【ゲンキョウ】 ringleader, main culprit, main cause, source

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元 【もと】 former, ex-, past, one-time, earlier times, the past, previous state, formerly, previously, originally, before
  • 家元 【いえもと】 head of a school (of music, dance), head family of a school
  • 胸元 【むなもと】 breast, chest, pit of the stomach, solar plexus, epigastrium

Readings

Japanese names:
ちか、 はじめ、 はる、 ゆき、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yuan2
Korean:
weon

Spanish

  • comienzo
  • principio
  • origen
  • jefe

Portuguese

  • começo
  • tempo anterior
  • origem

French

  • commencement
  • origine
  • ancien temps
68 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
117 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
106 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
328 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
275 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
106 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
121 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
60 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
137 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
245 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
141 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2428 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1226 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1690 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
59 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1340 Morohashi
1929 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
343 New Nelson (John Haig)
59 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
63 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
408 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
89 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3057 2001 Kanji
0a4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-3 SKIP code
1021.1 Four corner code
1-24-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5143 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
head
Parts:
neck, counter for songs and poems
Kun:
くび
On:
シュ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
98 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 首 【シュ】 counter for songs and poems
  • 首級 【シュキュウ】 decapitated head of an enemy
  • 元首 【ゲンシュ】 sovereign, ruler, head of state
  • 百人一首 【ヒャクニンイッシュ】 (Ogura) Hyakunin Isshu, classical Japanese anthology of one hundred Japanese waka by one hundred poets, hyakunin isshu karuta, hyakunin isshu poetry cards

Kun reading compounds

  • 首 【くび】 neck, head, dismissal, discharge, firing (from a job)
  • 首飾り 【くびかざり】 necklace, choker
  • 縛り首 【しばりくび】 (death by) hanging
  • 猪首 【いくび】 bull neck

Readings

Japanese names:
おびと、 こべ、 す
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shou3
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • cuello
  • principio

Portuguese

  • pescoço

French

  • cou
  • compteur de chansons ou poèmes
239 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
155 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
139 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
208 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5186 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
138 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
281 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
920 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
148 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
148 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
393 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1910 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2818 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1452 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1956 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
70 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44489 Morohashi
2265 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6719 New Nelson (John Haig)
70 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
74 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
177 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
979 2001 Kanji
2o7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
8060.1 Four corner code
1-28-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9996 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
inter-, mutual, together, each other, minister of state, councillor, aspect, phase, physiognomy
Kun:
あい-
On:
ソウショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
45 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 相 【ソウ】 appearance, look, countenance, a 'seeming' that fortune-tellers relate to one's fortune, aspect, phase (e.g. solid, liquid and gaseous)
  • 相違 【ソウイ】 difference, discrepancy, variation
  • 実相 【ジッソウ】 reality, real state of affairs, true state of affairs, true form of all things as they are, ultimate reality
  • 世相 【セソウ】 social conditions, phase of life, (sign of) the times, state of society
  • 相 【ショウ】 minister of state
  • 相伴 【ショウバン】 partaking, participating, taking part in, sharing (something with someone)
  • 厚相 【コウショウ】 Welfare Minister
  • 宰相 【サイショウ】 prime minister, premier, chancellor

Readings

Japanese names:
あ、 い、 おう、 さ、 さが、 すけ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xiang1, xiang4
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • apariencia
  • aspecto
  • fase
  • ministro de estado
  • conjuntamente
  • mutuamente

Portuguese

  • inter-
  • mútuo
  • juntamente
  • mutuamente
  • ministro de estado
  • conselheiro
  • aspecto
  • face
  • fisionomia

French

  • inter-
  • mutuel
  • ensemble
  • ministre
  • aspect
  • phase
  • physionomie
452 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
348 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
530 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
66 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2241 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
97 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
759 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
868 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
146 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
391 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1383 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1120 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
609 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
808 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
213 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23151 Morohashi
900 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3920 New Nelson (John Haig)
209 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
222 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
111 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
334 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1879 2001 Kanji
4a5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-5 SKIP code
4690.0 Four corner code
1-33-74 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76f8 Unicode hex code