Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
second 乛 (乙, ⺄, 乚)
Parts:
Variants:
tortoise, turtle
Kun:
かめ
On:
キュウキン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1353 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 亀裂 【キレツ】 crack, crevice, fissure, chap, rift
  • 亀甲 【キッコウ】 tortoise shell
  • 霊亀 【レイキ】 mysterious turtle (an omen of good luck), Reiki era (715.9.2-717.11.17)
  • 宝亀 【ホウキ】 Hōki era (770.10.1-781.1.1)

Kun reading compounds

  • 亀 【かめ】 tortoise, turtle, heavy drinker, turtle crest, turtle mon
  • 亀綾 【かめあや】 high-quality glossy white habutai silk, raw silk twill fabric with fine diamond pattern
  • お亀 【おかめ】 homely woman (esp. one with a small low nose, high flat forehead, and bulging cheeks), plain woman, soba in soup with slices of boiled fish paste, shiitake mushrooms, greens, seaweed, etc.
  • 出歯亀 【でばかめ】 voyeur, Peeping Tom

Readings

Japanese names:
ひさ、 ひさし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gui1, jun1, qiu1
Korean:
gwi, gyun

Spanish

  • tortuga

Portuguese

French

  • tortue
1288 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5445 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1921 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1531 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2284 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1889 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2637 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1346 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1826 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
540 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
210 Morohashi
2128 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
62 New Nelson (John Haig)
534 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
573 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
2n9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-9 SKIP code
4-11-4 SKIP code
2771.6 Four corner code
1-21-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e80 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
field
Parts:
armor, high (voice), A grade, first class, former, instep, carapace
Kun:
きのえ
On:
コウカン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1073 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 甲 【コウ】 carapace, shell, 1st in rank, grade A, instep, back of hand, the A party (e.g. in a contract), the first party, plaintiff (label in legal documents)
  • 甲状腺 【コウジョウセン】 thyroid gland
  • 装甲 【ソウコウ】 armoring, armouring, armor, armour
  • 亀甲 【キッコウ】 tortoise shell
  • 甲 【カン】 treble range (in Japanese music), high note
  • 甲板 【カンパン】 deck (of a ship)

Kun reading compounds

  • 甲 【きのえ】 first sign of the Chinese calendar
  • 甲戌 【きのえいぬ】 Wood Dog (11th term of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1934, 1994, 2054)

Readings

Japanese names:
かぶと、 き、 まさ、 まさる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jia3
Korean:
gab

Spanish

  • caparazón
  • armadura
  • voz alta
  • primero

Portuguese

  • armadura
  • alto (voz)
  • Um grau
  • umterior
  • peito do pé
  • carapaça

French

  • armure
  • carapace
  • haute (voix)
  • premier ordre
  • première classe
  • ancien
  • cou-de-pied
  • signe du 1er tronc céleste
1243 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1071 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
92 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1082 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1540 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
982 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1016 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1816 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1331 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4293 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2169 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2923 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1122 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21725 Morohashi
3481 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3725 New Nelson (John Haig)
1113 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1194 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1053 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
0a5.34 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-1 SKIP code
6050.0 Four corner code
1-25-35 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7532 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
pestle
Parts:
Variants:
year, counter for years
Kun:
とし
On:
ネン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
6 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 年 【ネン】 year, counter for years (e.g. of an era), grades (e.g. school), period of an apprentice's contract (usu. ten years)
  • 年会 【ネンカイ】 conference, annual convention
  • 往年 【オウネン】 years gone by, earlier years, former years, the past
  • 平年 【ヘイネン】 non-leap year, average year (for rainfall, temperature, etc.), normal year

Kun reading compounds

  • 年 【とし】 year, age, years, past one's prime, old age
  • 年明け 【としあけ】 beginning of the year, early in the New Year
  • いい年 【いいとし】 mature age, advanced age, maturity, age when one is old enough to know better
  • 御年 【おんとし】 age (esp. advanced)

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nian2
Korean:
nyeon

Spanish

  • año
  • edad

Portuguese

  • Ano

French

  • année
  • compteur d'années
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
64 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
3 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
188 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
64 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
51 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
342 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
45 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
45 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
574 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2528 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1284 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1752 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1045 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9168 Morohashi
2035 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1593 New Nelson (John Haig)
1036 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1114 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
13 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
51 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2355 2001 Kanji
0a6.16 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
4-6-3 SKIP code
8050.0 Four corner code
1-39-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e74 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
achievement, merits, success, honor, credit
Kun:
いさお
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
857 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 功 【コウ】 merit, success, meritorious deed, achievement, accumulated experience
  • 功績 【コウセキ】 achievement, meritorious deed, distinguished service, contribution
  • 即効 【ソッコウ】 immediate effect, instant effect
  • 奏功 【ソウコウ】 success, achievement, fruition
  • 工夫 【クフウ】 devising (a way), contriving, figuring out, coming up with, working out, inventing, device, design, idea, plan, invention, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation)
  • 効能 【コウノウ】 effect, efficacy, virtue, benefit

Kun reading compounds

  • 勲 【いさお】 distinguished service, meritorious service

Readings

Japanese names:
いさ、 かつ、 くぬ、 ぐう、 こと、 つとむ、 とし、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • logro
  • méritos
  • éxito
  • servicio

Portuguese

  • realização
  • méritos
  • sucesso
  • honra
  • crédito

French

  • réussite
  • réalisation
  • succès
  • mérite
  • honneur
  • crédit
605 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
502 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
477 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
765 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1454 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
467 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1099 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
135 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
818 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
837 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
378 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
138 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
165 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
871 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2295 Morohashi
189 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
522 New Nelson (John Haig)
863 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
927 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3145 2001 Kanji
2g3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
1412.7 Four corner code
1-24-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
529f Unicode hex code