Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中尉 【チュウイ】 first lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, interior, among, within, middle, center, centre, during, while, middle, midst, amid, interval, gap, mean, average, second (of three, e.g. sons, volumes), middle, medium grade, medium quality, red-light district
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • そんな中 【そんななか】 wherein, therein, thereinto
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 碁打ち鳥飼い馬鹿の中 【ごうちとりかいばかのうち】 go players and bird keepers are idiots (both activities demand a lot of time)
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, to feel a bite (in fishing), (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to be a ... in relation to ..., to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
splendor, flower, petal, shine, luster, ostentatious, showy, gay, gorgeous
Kun:
はな
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1085 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 華 【カ】 flashiness, showiness, brilliance, splendor, bloom, flowers
  • 華僑 【カキョウ】 overseas Chinese
  • 献花 【ケンカ】 flower offering, floral tribute, laying flowers
  • 精華 【セイカ】 essence, quintessence, flower, glory
  • 華厳 【ケゴン】 avatamsa (flower adornment, as a metaphor for becoming a buddha), Avatamska sutra, Kegon (sect of Buddhism)
  • 花かご 【ハナカゴ】 flower basket, flower basket (or plate) used for flower-scattering rituals
  • 法華 【ホッケ】 Nichiren sect, Tendai sect, Lotus Sutra
  • 天花 【テンゲ】 flowers that bloom in the heavens, paper flowers scattered before the Buddha's image

Kun reading compounds

  • 花 【はな】 flower, blossom, bloom, petal, cherry blossom, beauty, blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), ikebana, hanafuda, (the) best, glorious, lovely
  • 華やか 【はなやか】 showy, brilliant, gorgeous, florid, gay
  • 武士道の華 【ぶしどうのはな】 flower of chivalry (Bushido)
  • 雪の花 【ゆきのはな】 snowdrop (Galanthus spp.), snow falling like flower petals, snow on a tree resembling a flower, red snow

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua2, hua4, hua1
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • flor
  • pétalo
  • esplendor
  • vistoso

Portuguese

  • esplendor
  • flor
  • pétala
  • brilho
  • lustre
  • ostentação
  • gritante
  • alegre
  • maravilhoso

French

  • splendeur
  • fleur
  • pétale
  • briller
  • lustre
  • ostentatoire
  • voyant
  • magnifique
1046 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
807 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3955 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1409 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1704 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1266 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1074 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1122 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
656 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2841 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1465 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1973 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1595 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31119 Morohashi
2283 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5058 New Nelson (John Haig)
1581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1704 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1386 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3k7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
4-10-4 SKIP code
2-4-6 SKIP code
4450.4 Four corner code
1-18-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83ef Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
clan
Parts:
people, nation, subjects
Kun:
たみ
On:
ミン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
28 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 民 【ミン】 citizen, resident, person, user (of a website, esp. as a collective, e.g. Twittersphere)
  • 民意 【ミンイ】 popular will, will of the people
  • 自民 【ジミン】 Liberal Democratic Party, LDP
  • 公民 【コウミン】 citizen, freemen

Kun reading compounds

  • 民 【たみ】 people, citizens, subjects, folk
  • 民草 【たみくさ】 people, populace
  • 国民 【くにたみ】 people of a country
  • 流浪の民 【るろうのたみ】 wandering people, nomadic tribe

Readings

Japanese names:
ひと、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
min2
Korean:
min

Spanish

  • gente
  • pueblo

Portuguese

  • pessoas
  • nação
  • assuntos

French

  • peuple
  • nation
  • citoyen
518 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
619 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
590 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
70 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
25 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
246 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
206 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
333 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
177 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
177 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
536 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1149 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3770 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1922 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2614 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1851 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17028 Morohashi
3036 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3021 New Nelson (John Haig)
1834 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1976 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
30 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
459 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3756 2001 Kanji
0a5.23 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-2 SKIP code
4-5-1 SKIP code
7774.7 Four corner code
1-44-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c11 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code