4 strokes
family name, surname, clan
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
84 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 氏 【シ】 Mr, Mrs, Ms, Miss, clan, he, him, counter for people
  • 氏名 【シメイ】 (full) name, identity
  • 両氏 【リョウシ】 both persons
  • 同氏 【ドウシ】 the said person, he, she, same surname

Kun reading compounds

  • 氏 【うじ】 family name, lineage, birth, clan
  • 氏名 【しめい】 (full) name, identity
  • 杜氏 【とうじ】 chief brewer at a sake brewery
  • 漢氏 【あやうじ】 Aya clan


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4, zhi1
ssi, ji


  • apellido
  • clan
  • señor


  • nome de família
  • sobrenome
  • clã


  • nom de famille
  • nom
  • clan
  • Monsieur
620 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
522 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
495 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
177 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2478 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
361 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1456 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
223 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
566 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
575 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
744 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1148 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3669 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2552 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1845 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17026 Morohashi
2951 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3020 New Nelson (John Haig)
1828 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1970 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
223 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
443 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2656 2001 Kanji
0a4.25 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
7274.0 Four corner code
1-27-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c0f Unicode hex code