Jisho

×

18 strokes
Radical:
small bird
Parts:
difficult, impossible, trouble, accident, defect
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
330 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 難 【ナン】 difficulty, trouble, hardship, accident, disaster, danger, fault, defect, criticism
  • 難解 【ナンカイ】 difficult to understand, unintelligible, abstruse
  • 非難 【ヒナン】 criticism, blame, censure, attack, reproach
  • 遭難 【ソウナン】 disaster, accident, shipwreck, distress

Kun reading compounds

  • 難い 【かたい】 difficult, hard
  • 難しい 【むずかしい】 difficult, hard, troublesome, complicated, serious (disease, problem, etc.), impossible, unfeasible, fussy, particular, fastidious, hard to please, displeased, gloomy, glum, sullen, serious (look), dirty, unclean, filthy, detestable, unpleasant, uncomfortable, creepy, spooky
  • 難しい顔をする 【むずかしいかおをする】 to look displeased, to frown, to scowl, to look grave, to look serious
  • 難しい 【むずかしい】 difficult, hard, troublesome, complicated, serious (disease, problem, etc.), impossible, unfeasible, fussy, particular, fastidious, hard to please, displeased, gloomy, glum, sullen, serious (look), dirty, unclean, filthy, detestable, unpleasant, uncomfortable, creepy, spooky

Readings

Japanese names:
な、 なに
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nan2, nan4
Korean:
nan, na

Spanish

  • desastre
  • dificultad
  • sufrimiento
  • ataque al punto débil
  • difícil
  • imposible

Portuguese

  • impossível
  • difícil
  • dificuldade
  • acidente
  • defeito

French

  • difficile
  • impossible
  • problème
  • accident
  • défaut
853 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
960 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
949 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
442 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5038 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
800 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
995 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2760 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
557 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
566 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
526 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1856 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2310 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1196 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1632 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1594 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42128P Morohashi
1838 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6515 New Nelson (John Haig)
1580 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1703 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
351 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1003 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1975 2001 Kanji
8c10.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-8 SKIP code
4051.4 Four corner code
1-38-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
96e3 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 変化 【ヘンカ】 change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis, variety, diversity, inflection, declension, conjugation, sidestepping
  • 消化 【ショウカ】 digestion (of food), digestion (of information), assimilation, thorough understanding, consumption, absorption, using up, meeting (e.g. a quota), completion, losing one's form and turning into something else
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics, decoration, dressing, veneer
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code