Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
storey, stair, counter for storeys of a building
Kun:
きざはし
On:
カイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
513 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 階 【カイ】 storey, story, floor, stairs, stage (in chronostratigraphy), counter for storeys and floors of a building
  • 階級 【カイキュウ】 (social) class, rank, grade
  • 中二階 【チュウニカイ】 mezzanine floor
  • 位階 【イカイ】 court rank

Kun reading compounds

  • 階 【きざはし】 stairs, stairs at the front of a noh stage

Readings

Japanese names:
しな、 と、 はし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jie1
Korean:
gye

Spanish

  • piso
  • nivel
  • grado
  • posición

Portuguese

  • Andar de edifícios
  • grau
  • sufixo para contagem de andares de um edifício

French

  • étage
  • niveau
  • compteur d'étages
361 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
262 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
242 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
253 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5011 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
436 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
991 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1840 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.18 Japanese for Busy People
588 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
597 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
607 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
743 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
761 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
451 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
569 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1318 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41755 Morohashi
624 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6469 New Nelson (John Haig)
1309 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1406 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
328 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
392 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3678 2001 Kanji
2d9.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
1-2-9 SKIP code
7226.2 Four corner code
7126.1 Four corner code
1-19-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
968e Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
weapon, lance
Parts:
grade, steps, stairs
On:
ダンタン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
479 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 段 【ダン】 step, stair, (flight of) steps, (row of) stitches, columns (of print), grade, rank, level, counter for breaks in written language (or speech, etc.), dan, senior rank in martial arts, go, shogi, etc.
  • 段階 【ダンカイ】 stage, step, phase, level, rank, grade, gradation, order, stairs
  • 特段 【トクダン】 exceptional, unusual, special, especially, exceptionally, unusually
  • 中段 【チュウダン】 half-way up a slope or stairway, landing, center of three (horizontal) columns (of print) (centre)
  • 反 【タン】 variable measure of fabric (28.8 cm in width), for kimonos: at least 10 m in length, for haori: at least 7.27 m in length, for other clothes: at least 6.06 m in length, 300 tsubo (991.74 meters square, 0.24506 acres), six ken (10.91 m)
  • 反物 【タンモノ】 fabric, cloth, textiles, drapery, dry-goods, piece goods, measure of kimono material
  • 減反 【ゲンタン】 reduction (of crop size), reduction of acreage (under cultivation)
  • 一反 【イッタン】 one-tenth hectare

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
duan4
Korean:
dan

Spanish

  • escalón
  • escalera
  • grado

Portuguese

  • grau
  • passos
  • escada

French

  • étape
  • marche
  • escalier
944 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
931 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
340 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2452 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
911 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
656 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
874 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.18 Japanese for Busy People
362 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
363 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
608 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1139 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1471 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
780 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1059 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1876 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16619 Morohashi
1144 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2991 New Nelson (John Haig)
1859 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2003 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
425 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
891 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2668 2001 Kanji
2s7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-4 SKIP code
7744.7 Four corner code
1-35-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6bb5 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:
rise up
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
826 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 昇給 【ショウキュウ】 salary raise
  • 昇格 【ショウカク】 promotion, raising of status
  • 定昇 【テイショウ】 regular (annual) pay raise
  • 温度上昇 【オンドジョウショウ】 temperature increase, rise in temperature

Kun reading compounds

  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)

Readings

Japanese names:
しゅう、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sheng1
Korean:
seung

Spanish

  • elevar
  • levantar
  • alzar

Portuguese

  • ascender

French

  • s'élever
1393 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
841 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2109 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1441 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
596 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
713 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1777 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1909 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1280 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
969 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3068 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1565 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2139 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
42 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13794 Morohashi
2415 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2434 New Nelson (John Haig)
43 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
43 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1189 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3855 2001 Kanji
4c4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-4 SKIP code
6044.0 Four corner code
1-30-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6607 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
descend, precipitate, fall, surrender
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
596 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 降格 【コウカク】 demotion, relegation, downgrading
  • 降雨 【コウウ】 rainfall, rain
  • 乗降 【ジョウコウ】 getting on and off, embarking and disembarking
  • 投降 【トウコウ】 surrender
  • 降三世明王 【ゴウザンゼミョウオウ】 Trailokyavijaya Vidya-raja, conqueror of the three worlds
  • 降誕会 【ゴウタンエ】 Buddha's Birthday (8th day of the 4th lunar month), service (held on April 8) celebrating the birth of the Buddha

Kun reading compounds

  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降る 【ふる】 to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.), to come down, to form (of frost), to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight), to pour in, to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.), to come, to arrive
  • 降り 【ふり】 rainfall, snowfall, alighting, descending
  • 降りしきる 【ふりしきる】 to fall incessantly (rain, snow, etc.), to downpour
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping

Readings

Japanese names:
ふり、 ふる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiang4, xiang2
Korean:
hang, gang

Spanish

  • caer
  • bajar
  • descender
  • llover
  • rendirse
  • desde entonces
  • bajarse

Portuguese

  • descer
  • precipitar
  • queda
  • rendição

French

  • descendre
  • pleuvoir
  • précipiter
  • tomber
  • se rendre
873 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
863 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
787 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4994 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
887 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
984 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1058 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
947 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
977 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
731 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
548 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
335 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
414 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1317 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41620 Morohashi
458 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6450 New Nelson (John Haig)
1308 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1405 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
898 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
2d7.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
7725.4 Four corner code
1-25-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
964d Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
loom, mechanism, machine, airplane, opportunity, potency, efficacy, occasion
Kun:
はた
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
127 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 機 【キ】 chance, opportunity, machine, aircraft, counter for aircraft, counter for (remaining) lives
  • 機運 【キウン】 opportunity, chance, good time (to do), trend, tendency, momentum
  • 端末機 【タンマツキ】 terminal (unit)
  • 有機 【ユウキ】 organic

Kun reading compounds

  • 機 【はた】 loom
  • 機織り 【はたおり】 weaving, weaver
  • 高機 【たかばた】 traditional Japanese treadle-operated tall loom

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • mecanismo
  • máquina
  • avión
  • ocasión
  • telar

Portuguese

  • mecanismo
  • oportunidade
  • ocasião
  • máquina
  • avião

French

  • métier à tisser
  • mécanique
  • opportunité
  • machine
  • avion
  • organique
373 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
476 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
453 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
101 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2379 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
415 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
528 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
334 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1115 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1365 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
736 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1394 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15561 Morohashi
1076 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2880 New Nelson (John Haig)
1382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1482 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
158 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
631 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1859 2001 Kanji
4a12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-12 SKIP code
4295.3 Four corner code
1-21-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a5f Unicode hex code