Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Kun:
ま.けるま.かすお.う
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
443 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 負 【フ】 negative, minus
  • 負荷 【フカ】 burden, load (e.g. CPU time, electricity, etc.)
  • 正負 【セイフ】 positive and negative, +-, plus and minus
  • 非負 【ヒフ】 non-negative

Kun reading compounds

  • 負ける 【まける】 to lose, to be defeated, to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield, to be inferior to, to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.), to reduce the price, to give a discount, to throw in (something extra) for free
  • 負けるが勝ち 【まけるがかち】 he that fights and runs away may live to fight another day, sometimes you have to lose to win, losing is winning
  • 負かす 【まかす】 to defeat
  • 負う 【おう】 to bear, to carry on one's back, to take responsibility for, to accept a duty, to receive (wound), to incur (damage), to be injured, to owe
  • 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る 【おうたこにおしえられてあさせをわたる】 some things can be learned from the young, a fool may give a wise man counsel, to be led across the shallows by the child on one's shoulders

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fu4
Korean:
bu

Spanish

  • llevar
  • tomar a su cargo
  • deber
  • ser derrotado
  • llevarse la victoria

Portuguese

  • derrotar
  • negativa
  • menos
  • carregar
  • dever a
  • assumir uma responsabilidade

French

  • défaite
  • perdre
  • moins
  • négatif
  • assumer
  • porter sur le dos
  • devoir à quelqu'un
  • faire un rabais
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
383 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
473 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4488 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
503 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
918 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
981 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
519 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
717 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1722 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2594 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1799 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
63 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36660X Morohashi
2091 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5769 New Nelson (John Haig)
63 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
67 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
346 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2561 2001 Kanji
2n7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-7-2 SKIP code
2780.6 Four corner code
1-41-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca0 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
wound, hurt, injure, impair, pain, injury, cut, gash, scar, weak point
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
845 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 傷跡 【キズアト】 scar
  • 傷害 【ショウガイ】 wound, injury, accident, casualty, assault, inflicting bodily injury
  • 殺傷 【サッショウ】 killing and wounding, bloodshed
  • 脳挫傷 【ノウザショウ】 cerebral contusion

Kun reading compounds

  • 傷 【きず】 wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar, chip, crack, scratch, nick, flaw, defect, weakness, weak point, stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour, (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
  • 傷跡 【きずあと】 scar
  • 無傷 【むきず】 unhurt, uninjured, unwounded, unscathed, unharmed, flawless (e.g. gem), unblemished, undamaged, perfect (condition), spotless (e.g. reputation), faultless (e.g. performance), perfect (record), without failure, without defeat
  • 古傷 【ふるきず】 old wound, scar, old unpleasant incident, past misdeed
  • 痛む 【いたむ】 to hurt, to ache, to feel a pain, to be injured, to be spoiled (e.g. food), to be damaged
  • 痛める 【いためる】 to hurt, to injure, to cause pain, to harm, to damage, to spoil, to worry, to bother, to be grieved over, to afflict, to cause financial loss, to hurt one's pocket

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shang1
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • herida
  • daño
  • lesión
  • corte
  • estar herido
  • herir

Portuguese

  • machucado
  • ferido
  • ferir
  • danificar
  • dor
  • dano
  • corte
  • corte profundo
  • cicatriz
  • ponto fraco

French

  • blessure
  • faire mal
  • abîmer
  • douleur
  • entaille
  • cicatrice
  • point faible
912 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
901 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
723 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
535 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1008 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1067 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
633 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
643 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
835 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
130 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
179 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
118 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
137 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1005 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1029 Morohashi
158 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
301 New Nelson (John Haig)
996 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1071 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
960 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2151 2001 Kanji
2a11.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-11 SKIP code
2822.7 Four corner code
1-29-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
50b7 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
soldier, private, troops, army, warfare, strategy, tactics
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
522 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 兵 【ヘイ】 (common) soldier, rank and file, army, troops, warfare, strategy
  • 兵員 【ヘイイン】 military strength, military personnel
  • 伏兵 【フクヘイ】 ambush, troops in ambush, unexpected opposition, unexpected obstacle
  • 工兵 【コウヘイ】 combat engineer, military engineer, combat engineering, military engineering
  • 兵 【ヒョウ】 pawn
  • 兵法 【ヘイホウ】 art of war, strategy, tactics
  • 小兵 【コヒョウ】 small build, small stature
  • 大兵 【ダイヒョウ】 of great build or stature, great number of soldiers, great army

Kun reading compounds

  • 兵 【つわもの】 warrior, soldier, courageous person, strong person
  • 古強者 【ふるつわもの】 feudal warrior, samurai, old soldier, veteran, old hand

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bing1
Korean:
byeong

Spanish

  • soldado
  • marinero
  • tropa

Portuguese

  • soldado
  • particular
  • tropas
  • exército
  • guerra
  • estratégia
  • tática

French

  • soldat
  • simple soldat
  • troupes
  • armée
  • guerre
  • stratégie
  • tactique
712 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
606 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
578 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
447 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
201 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
396 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
343 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
499 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
784 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
798 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
994 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
155 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3158 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1621 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2207 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1343 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1462 Morohashi
2551 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
374 New Nelson (John Haig)
1331 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1429 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
243 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
489 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2661 2001 Kanji
2o5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-2 SKIP code
7280.1 Four corner code
1-42-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5175 Unicode hex code