16 strokes
parent, intimacy, relative, familiarity, dealer (cards)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
406 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 親 【シン】 intimacy, closeness, friendliness, close relative, pro- (e.g. pro-American)
  • 親衛 【シンエイ】 monarch's guards
  • 懇親 【コンシン】 friendship, intimacy
  • 近親 【キンシン】 near relative

Kun reading compounds

  • 親 【おや】 parent, parents, mother and father, dealer, banker, founder, inventor, (pet) owner, key, parent (organization), main, ancestor, forefather
  • 親方 【おやかた】 master, boss, chief, foreman, supervisor, stable master, craftsman, artisan, foster parent
  • 生みの親 【うみのおや】 biological parent, founder, creator
  • 里親 【さとおや】 foster parent, foster parents, (pet) caretaker
  • 親しい 【したしい】 close (e.g. friend), familiar, friendly, intimate, familiar (e.g. story), well-known (to one), close (relatives), closely related
  • 親しむ 【したしむ】 to be intimate with, to befriend


Japanese names:
ぎ、 ちか、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qin1, qing4


  • padre
  • madre
  • familiares
  • íntimo
  • personalmente
  • padres
  • hacerse amigo
  • intimar


  • pai
  • intimidade
  • parente
  • familiaridade
  • crupiê


  • parent
  • parenté
  • intimité
  • familiarité
  • donneur (cartes)
260 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
166 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
149 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
381 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4293 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
211 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
248 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2544 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.6 Japanese for Busy People
175 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
175 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
249 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1647 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2264 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1172 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1599 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1518 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34918 Morohashi
1799 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5534 New Nelson (John Haig)
1504 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1621 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
315 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
237 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
457 2001 Kanji
5b11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-7 SKIP code
0691.0 Four corner code
1-31-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
89aa Unicode hex code