7 strokes
spicy, bitter, hot, acrid
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1607 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 辛 【カノト】 8th in rank, eighth sign of the Chinese calendar
  • 辛抱 【シンボウ】 patience, endurance, perseverance
  • 細辛 【サイシン】 Siebold's wild ginger (esp. its dried root or rhizome, used as an antitussive and analgesic in traditional Chinese medicine)
  • 薄葉細辛 【ウスバサイシン】 Siebold's wild ginger (Asarum sieboldii)

Kun reading compounds

  • 辛い 【からい】 spicy, hot, salty, harsh (criticism), severe (punishment), strict, painful, bitter, difficult, tough
  • 辛い味 【からいあじ】 pungent taste
  • 辛い 【つらい】 painful, bitter, heart-breaking, difficult (emotionally), tough, difficult, hard (usu. of situations), cruel, harsh, cold
  • 辛い目に会う 【つらいめにあう】 to have a hard time of it
  • 辛 【かのと】 8th in rank, eighth sign of the Chinese calendar
  • 辛卯 【かのとう】 Metal Rabbit (28th term of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1951, 2011, 2071)


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • amargo
  • duro
  • severo
  • salado
  • picante


  • picante
  • quente
  • amargo
  • temperado


  • épicé
  • amer
  • piquant
  • âcre
1432 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1628 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4646 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1312 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
944 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
493 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1487 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1584 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
344 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1784 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2531 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1287 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1755 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1510 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38630 Morohashi
2038 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5996 New Nelson (John Haig)
1496 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1612 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1144 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
455 2001 Kanji
5b2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-5 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
0040.1 Four corner code
1-31-41 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8f9b Unicode hex code