Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
promise, approximately, shrink
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
94 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 約 【ヤク】 approximately, about, promise, appointment, engagement, shortening, reduction, simplification, contraction (in phonetics)
  • 約束 【ヤクソク】 promise, agreement, arrangement, one's word, contract, pact, appointment, engagement, date, convention, rule, destiny, fate
  • 締約 【テイヤク】 conclusion of a treaty
  • 成約 【セイヤク】 conclusion of a contract

Kun reading compounds

  • 約まる 【つづまる】 to compress, to shrink
  • 約める 【つづめる】 to abridge, to shorten, to economize
  • 約やか 【つづまやか】 concise, brief, humble, frugal, modest, discrete

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yue1, yao1
Korean:
yag, yo

Spanish

  • promesa
  • aproximadamente
  • encogerse
  • economizar

Portuguese

  • promessa
  • aproximadamente
  • recuar

French

  • environ
  • promettre
  • abréger
  • raccourcir
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
621 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
591 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
137 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3499 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
451 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
808 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
211 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
211 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
381 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1516 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1632 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1177 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1374 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27242X Morohashi
1280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4440 New Nelson (John Haig)
1362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1462 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
258 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
534 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2752 2001 Kanji
6a3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2792.0 Four corner code
1-44-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d04 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
918 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 束 【ソク】 lattice, counter for large bundles (e.g. 10 sheafs of rice, 200 sheets of calligraphy paper, 20 whistling arrows, 100 fish), handbreadth (unit for measuring the length of arrows)
  • 束縛 【ソクバク】 restraint, restriction, fetters, yoke, shackles, binding, confinement with rope
  • 結束 【ケッソク】 union, unity, solidarity, bundling, binding, tying, putting on (clothes, armour, etc.)
  • 口約束 【クチヤクソク】 verbal promise, one's word

Kun reading compounds

  • 束 【たば】 bundle, bunch, sheaf
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 鍵束 【かぎたば】 bunch of keys
  • 麦束 【むぎたば】 wheat sheaf, stacked wheat
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 束 【つか】 strut, short vertical post, thickness (of a book minus the cover, a sheaf of paper, etc.), handbreadth, bundle
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 不束 【ふつつか】 inexperienced, incompetent, inept, incapable, careless
  • 矢束 【やつか】 arrow length, bundle of arrows
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shu4
Korean:
sog

Spanish

  • manojo
  • legajo (papeles)
  • haz (leños)
  • gavilla
  • racimo
  • bobina

Portuguese

  • pacote
  • molho
  • feixe
  • amarra em pacotes
  • governar
  • administrar

French

  • fagot
  • gerbe
  • bouquet
  • promesse
  • mettre en liasse
  • rame (papier)
  • gouverner
  • diriger
  • contrôler
561 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1535 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
998 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
196 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1126 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
620 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
536 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
501 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
510 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
382 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1051 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4369 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2214 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2978 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1680 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14480 Morohashi
3554 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2559 New Nelson (John Haig)
1664 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
486 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1564 2001 Kanji
0a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
4-7-3 SKIP code
5090.6 Four corner code
1-34-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
675f Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
traffic, pass through, avenue, commute, counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
80 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通院 【ツウイン】 going to the hospital for regular treatment
  • 富士通 【フジツウ】 Fujitsu
  • 食通 【ショクツウ】 gourmandism, gourmet, gourmand, foodie
  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通院 【ツウイン】 going to the hospital for regular treatment

Kun reading compounds

  • 通る 【とおる】 to go by, to go past, to go along, to travel along, to pass through, to use (a road), to take (a route), to go via, to go by way of, to run (between; of a rail service, bus route, etc.), to operate (between), to connect, to go indoors, to go into a room, to be admitted, to be shown in, to be ushered in, to come in, to penetrate, to pierce, to skewer, to go through, to come through, to permeate, to soak into, to spread throughout, to carry (e.g. of a voice), to reach far, to be passed on (e.g. of a customer's order to the kitchen), to be relayed, to be conveyed, to pass (a test, a bill in the House, etc.), to be approved, to be accepted, to go by (a name), to be known as, to be accepted as, to have a reputation for, to be coherent, to be logical, to be reasonable, to be comprehensible, to be understandable, to make sense, to get across (e.g. of one's point), to be understood, to pass for, to come across as, to seem like, to be straight (e.g. wood grain), to be well-informed, to be wise, to do ... completely, to do ... thoroughly
  • 通り 【とおり】 avenue, street, way, road, coming and going, street traffic, flow (of water, air, etc.), transmission (of sound), reach (e.g. of voice), fame, reputation, popularity, the same status or way, as (e.g. as expected, as I said), understanding, comprehension, counter for sets of things, counter for methods, ways, types
  • 通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】 to go past, to pass, to pass by
  • 通す 【とおす】 to stick through, to force through, to spread throughout, to thoroughly diffuse, to make a path between two points, to proceed in a logical manner, to let pass, to allow through, to lead (someone) into (a house, room, etc.), to show in, to go through (a middleman), to (look, listen) through (a window, wall, etc.), to pass (a law, applicant, etc.), to force to accept, to force agreement, to continue (in a state), to persist in, to do to the entirety of, to cover all of, to span the whole ..., to do from beginning to end without a break, to convey (one's ideas, etc.) to the other party, to do to the end, to carry through, to complete
  • 通し 【とおし】 continuing from beginning to end, continuous run, consecutive run, appetizer, starter, hors d'oeuvre, performance of an entire play
  • 通し切符 【とおしきっぷ】 through ticket (e.g. rail, air), ticket good for multiple performances (e.g. both matinee and evening shows), all-day ticket, season ticket
  • 切通し 【きりどおし】 road (or railway) cut through hilly terrain, cutting
  • 通う 【かよう】 to go to and from (a place), to go back and forth between, to run between (e.g. bus, train, etc.), to ply between, to go to (school, work, etc.), to attend, to commute, to frequent, to circulate (e.g. blood, electricity), to be communicated (e.g. thought), to resemble

Readings

Japanese names:
とん、 どうし、 どおり、 みち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tong1, tong4
Korean:
tong

Spanish

  • atravesar
  • traspasar
  • hacer saber
  • pasar
  • ir y venir

Portuguese

  • tráfego
  • passar através de
  • avenida
  • comutar
  • sufixo para contagem de letras

French

  • circulation
  • passer par
  • avenue
  • trajet (travail)
  • compteur de lettres, notes, ...
281 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
193 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
176 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
71 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4703 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
201 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
261 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1239 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
150 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
204 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
695 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3855 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1982 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2678 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1420 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38892P Morohashi
3109 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6063 New Nelson (John Haig)
1408 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1511 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
97 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
198 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3553 2001 Kanji
2q7.18 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3-2-7 SKIP code
3730.2 Four corner code
1-36-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
901a Unicode hex code