Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
jade (king) 玉 (王)
Parts:
present, existing, actual
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
85 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 現 【ゲン】 present (e.g. government, administration), current, existing
  • 現金 【ゲンキン】 cash, ready money, money on hand, currency, mercenary, self-interested, calculating
  • 実現 【ジツゲン】 implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, materialisation, realization, realisation, actualization, actualisation
  • 出現 【シュツゲン】 appearance, arrival, make one's appearance

Kun reading compounds

  • 現れる 【あらわれる】 to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise, to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
  • 表す 【あらわす】 to represent, to signify, to stand for, to reveal, to show, to display, to express, to make widely known
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 きら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian4
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • presente
  • actual
  • real
  • aparecer
  • hacerse visible
  • mostrarse
  • manifestar
  • expresar

Portuguese

  • presente
  • exist6encia
  • realidade

French

  • le présent
  • existant
  • actuel
  • montrer
602 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
692 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
666 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
82 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2943 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
495 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
735 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1360 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
298 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
298 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
578 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1320 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
657 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
879 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
265 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21004 Morohashi
968 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3645 New Nelson (John Haig)
259 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
275 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
67 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
732 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3157 2001 Kanji
4f7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
1611.0 Four corner code
1-24-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
73fe Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
Variants:
evidence, proof, certificate
Kun:
あかし
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
306 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 証 【アカシ】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
  • 証明 【ショウメイ】 proof, testimony, demonstration, verification, certification
  • 保証 【ホショウ】 guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
  • 立証 【リッショウ】 establishing proof, demonstration, substantiation

Kun reading compounds

  • 証 【あかし】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zheng4
Korean:
jeung

Spanish

  • evidencia
  • prueba
  • testimonio
  • certificado

Portuguese

  • evidência
  • prova
  • certificado

French

  • preuve
  • évidence
  • certificat
816 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
737 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
715 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
430 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4341 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
697 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1746 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1660 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
484 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
666 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1672 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1899 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1010 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1365 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
386 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35341 Morohashi
1506 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5589 New Nelson (John Haig)
380 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
406 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
754 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3073 2001 Kanji
7a5.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-5 SKIP code
0161.1 Four corner code
1-30-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a3c Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
Variants:
foothold, based on, follow, therefore
Kun:
よ.る
On:
キョ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
858 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 拠点 【キョテン】 position, location, base, point, site
  • 拠出 【キョシュツ】 donation, contribution
  • 根拠 【コンキョ】 basis, grounds, foundation, reason, authority, base (of operations)
  • 占拠 【センキョ】 occupation (e.g. of territory), exclusive possession
  • 有罪証拠 【ユウザイショウコ】 corpus delicti
  • 事例証拠 【ジレイショウコ】 anecdotal evidence

Kun reading compounds

  • 依る 【よる】 to be due to, to be caused by, to depend on, to turn on, to be based on, to come from, to be based at (a location, an organization), to be headquartered at

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ju4, ju1
Korean:
geo

Spanish

  • autoridad
  • firmeza
  • depender de
  • basarse en

Portuguese

  • apoio para os pés
  • baseado em
  • segue
  • portanto

French

  • point d'appui
  • prise
  • basé sur
  • suivre
  • par conséquent
1155 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
970 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1871 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1725 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1352 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1138 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1190 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1213 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
872 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
369 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
232 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
276 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
676 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11985 Morohashi
312 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2113 New Nelson (John Haig)
669 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
722 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1367 2001 Kanji
3c5.26 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
5704.1 Four corner code
1-21-82 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
62e0 Unicode hex code