Jisho

×

17 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
grate, rub, scratch, scrape, chafe, scour
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1485 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 擦弦楽器 【サツゲンガッキ】 bowed stringed instrument
  • 擦文 【サツモン】 brush-mark pattern (scraped into the surface of earthenware with wood)
  • 塗擦 【トサツ】 rubbing an ointment into the skin
  • 冷水摩擦 【レイスイマサツ】 rubdown with a wet towel, cold-water rubbing

Kun reading compounds

  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
  • 擦れる 【すれる】 to rub, to chafe, to wear out, to become worn, to lose one's innocence, to become sly
  • 擦る 【こする】 to rub, to scrub, to scrape
  • 擦れる 【こすれる】 to be rubbed

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ca1
Korean:
chal

Spanish

  • frotar
  • restregar
  • rascar
  • raspar

Portuguese

  • arranhar
  • esfregar
  • coçar
  • escovar
  • atritar
  • explorar

French

  • abrasion
  • gratter
  • frotter
  • râper
  • racler
  • irriter
  • récurer
1306 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1955 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2025 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1709 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1386 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2601 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1519 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1620 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1416 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
931 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
971 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
541 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
707 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1113 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12862 Morohashi
790 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 New Nelson (John Haig)
1104 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1185 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1870 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1341 2001 Kanji
3c14.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-14 SKIP code
5309.1 Four corner code
1-27-04 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
64e6 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
script, literature
Parts:
sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan, literary radical (no. 67)
Kun:
ふみあや
On:
ブンモン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
190 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 文 【ブン】 sentence, composition, text, writings, the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts), academia, literature, statement
  • 文化 【ブンカ】 culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
  • 公文 【コウブン】 official document, archives
  • 異文 【イブン】 variant (in a manuscript or book), part of a text that differs from other versions
  • 文 【モン】 mon, one-thousandth of a kan (unit of currency 1336-1870), mon, traditional unit used for shoe and sock sizes (approx. 2.4 cm), letter, character, sentence, scripture, incantation
  • 紋 【モン】 (family) crest, coat of arms, pattern, figure, playing card suit (in karuta)
  • 人文 【ジンブン】 humanity, civilization, civilisation, culture
  • 縄文 【ジョウモン】 straw-rope pattern pressed into earthenware, Jōmon period (ca. 14000-1000 BCE)

Kun reading compounds

  • 文 【ふみ】 letter, writings
  • 文香 【ふみこう】 scented insert (to enclose with a letter), perfumed insert
  • 雁の文 【かりのふみ】 (a) letter
  • 日文 【ひふみ】 Hifumi (script)
  • 綾 【あや】 figure, design, twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes, style (of writing), figure (of speech), design, plot, plan, minor market fluctuation, technical correction, cat's cradle, lease rod (in a loom)
  • 文無鳥 【あやなしどり】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 言葉は身の文 【ことばはみのあや】 words betray one's character

Readings

Japanese names:
かざり、 ふ、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wen2, wen4
Korean:
mun

Spanish

  • letras
  • literatura

Portuguese

  • sentença
  • literatura
  • estilo
  • arte
  • decoração
  • figuras
  • plano

French

  • phrase
  • littérature
  • style
  • art
  • décoration
  • figure (de style)
  • plan
  • radical littéraire (no. 67)
134 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
77 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
68 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
71 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
180 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
86 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
111 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
949 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1741 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13450 Morohashi
1962 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2364 New Nelson (John Haig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
89 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
35 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
0040.0 Four corner code
1-42-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6587 Unicode hex code