Jisho

×

17 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
grate, rub, scratch, scrape, chafe, scour
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1485 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 擦弦楽器 【サツゲンガッキ】 bowed stringed instrument
  • 擦文 【サツモン】 brush-mark pattern (scraped into the surface of earthenware with wood)
  • 塗擦 【トサツ】 rubbing an ointment into the skin
  • 冷水摩擦 【レイスイマサツ】 rubdown with a wet towel, cold-water rubbing

Kun reading compounds

  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
  • 擦れる 【すれる】 to rub, to chafe, to wear out, to become worn, to lose one's innocence, to become sly
  • 擦る 【こする】 to rub, to scrub, to scrape
  • 擦れる 【こすれる】 to be rubbed

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ca1
Korean:
chal

Spanish

  • frotar
  • restregar
  • rascar
  • raspar

Portuguese

  • arranhar
  • esfregar
  • coçar
  • escovar
  • atritar
  • explorar

French

  • abrasion
  • gratter
  • frotter
  • râper
  • racler
  • irriter
  • récurer
1306 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1955 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2025 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1709 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1386 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2601 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1519 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1620 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1416 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
931 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
971 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
541 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
707 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1113 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12862 Morohashi
790 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 New Nelson (John Haig)
1104 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1185 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1870 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1341 2001 Kanji
3c14.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-14 SKIP code
5309.1 Four corner code
1-27-04 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
64e6 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
bowstring, chord, hypotenuse
Kun:
つる
On:
ゲン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1773 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 弦 【ゲン】 bowstring, string (of a shamisen, etc.), stringed instrument, chord, hypotenuse
  • 弦楽 【ゲンガク】 music for strings, string music
  • 三絃 【サンゲン】 shamisen, samisen, sanxian (Chinese lute), three string instruments (in gagaku; biwa, wagon and sou), three-stringed instrument
  • 移弦 【イゲン】 string-crossing (violin, cello, etc.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 弦 【つる】 bowstring, string (of shamisen, guitar, violin, etc.), bail (arched pot handle), diagonal levelling wire across the top of a masu
  • 弦音 【つるおと】 sound of vibrating bowstring

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian2
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • cuerda (arco
  • instrumento musical)
  • media luna
  • hipotenusa

Portuguese

  • Corda (arco
  • violão)
  • corda
  • hipotenusa

French

  • corde d'arc
  • corde
  • hypoténuse
1228 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1617 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1568 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1624 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1270 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1345 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1226 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1290 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1446 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
608 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
343 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
213 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
257 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1398 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9754 Morohashi
287 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1688 New Nelson (John Haig)
1386 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1487 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1169 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3571 2001 Kanji
3h5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
1023.2 Four corner code
1-24-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f26 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
music, comfort, ease
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
373 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 楽 【ガク】 music, old Japanese court music, gagaku
  • 楽章 【ガクショウ】 (musical) movement
  • 邦楽 【ホウガク】 Japanese music (esp. traditional Japanese music)
  • 室内楽 【シツナイガク】 chamber music
  • 楽 【ラク】 comfort, ease, relief, (at) peace, relaxation, easy, simple, without trouble, without hardships, (economically) comfortable, raku pottery, sukha (happiness)
  • 楽園 【ラクエン】 paradise, Eden, Elysium
  • 千秋楽 【センシュウラク】 concluding festivities, concluding program, concluding programme, final day of a tournament
  • 行楽 【コウラク】 outing, excursion, pleasure trip, going on a picnic
  • 猿楽 【サルガク】 sarugaku (form of theatre popular in Japan during the 11th to 14th centuries), noh, fooling around

Kun reading compounds

  • 楽しい 【たのしい】 enjoyable, fun, pleasant, happy, delightful
  • 楽しい思い出 【たのしいおもいで】 happy memory, sweet memory
  • 楽しむ 【たのしむ】 to enjoy, to take pleasure in, to have a good time, to have fun, to look forward to

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 た、 やす、 ら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
le4, yue4
Korean:
ag

Spanish

  • música
  • divertido
  • fácil
  • agradable
  • disfrutar
  • divertirse

Portuguese

  • música
  • conforto
  • facilidade

French

  • musique
  • agréable
  • confort
331 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
98 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
218 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
232 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2324 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
322 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
200 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2029 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
358 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
359 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
343 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1064 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3505 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1808 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2460 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1751 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15213 Morohashi
2826 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2790 New Nelson (John Haig)
1735 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1872 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
481 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
225 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
4a9.29 The Kanji Dictionary
2-9-4 SKIP code
3290.4 Four corner code
1-19-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
697d Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
Variants:
utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set
Kun:
うつわ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
525 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 器 【キ】 device, instrument, vessel, container, ability, capacity, calibre, caliber
  • 機械 【キカイ】 machine, mechanism, instrument, appliance, apparatus
  • 呼吸器 【コキュウキ】 respiratory organs
  • 化学兵器 【カガクヘイキ】 chemical weapon

Kun reading compounds

  • 器 【うつわ】 bowl, vessel, container, ability, capacity, calibre, caliber
  • 器物 【きぶつ】 receptacle, container, vessel, utensil, implement, furniture, personal property, calibre, talent, ability
  • 横綱の器 【よこづなのうつわ】 mental characteristics expected of a grand champion

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qi4
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • utensilio
  • vasija
  • receptáculo
  • envase
  • caldera

Portuguese

  • utensilio
  • vasol
  • receptaculo
  • implementar
  • instrumento
  • capacidade
  • recipiente
  • ferramenta
  • conjunto

French

  • ustensile
  • récipient
  • instrument
  • appareil
  • capacité
  • outil
  • service (de table)
372 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
475 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
452 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
483 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
994 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
398 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
419 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2378 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
527 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
536 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
682 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
334 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3367 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1742 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2368 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
122 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4349P Morohashi
2713 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
898 New Nelson (John Haig)
121 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
127 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
624 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3777 2001 Kanji
3d12.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-9 SKIP code
4-15-1 SKIP code
6666.3 Four corner code
1-20-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5668 Unicode hex code