Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
spear, halberd
Parts:
turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
116 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 成果 【セイカ】 (good) result, outcome, fruits (of one's labors), product, accomplishment
  • 成案 【セイアン】 definite plan
  • 合成 【ゴウセイ】 composition, synthesis, compounding, combining, composite photo, (function) composition
  • 集大成 【シュウタイセイ】 (large) compilation, culmination (of hard work)
  • 成仏 【ジョウブツ】 attaining Buddhahood, becoming a Buddha, entering Nirvana, going to heaven, resting in peace, dying (peacefully)
  • 成就 【ジョウジュ】 fulfillment, fulfilment, realization, realisation, completion

Kun reading compounds

  • 成る 【なる】 to become, to get, to grow, to turn, to reach, to attain, to result in, to turn out, to end up, to prove (to be), to consist of, to be composed of, to be made up of, to be completed, to be realized, to succeed, to be attained, to be accomplished, to change (into), to turn (into), to transform, to come (to do), to begin (to do), to grow (to do), to come to, to amount to, to add up to, to make, to play (the part of), to act as, to be used for, to be useful for, to serve as, to be promoted, to do ...
  • 成るべく 【なるべく】 as (much) as possible, as (much) as one can, wherever practicable, if possible
  • 為す 【なす】 to build up, to establish, to form, to become (a state), to accomplish, to achieve, to succeed in, to change into, to do, to perform, to intend to, to attempt, to try
  • なす角 【なすかく】 formed angle, angle made

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あきら、 しげ、 そん、 たえ、 なお、 なり、 なる、 のり、 ひら、 まさ、 よし、 り
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
cheng2
Korean:
seong

Spanish

  • convertirse en
  • resultar
  • consistir en
  • hacerse
  • llegar a ser
  • llevar a cabo
  • lograr

Portuguese

  • tornar-se
  • obter
  • crescer
  • passar
  • alcançar

French

  • se changer en
  • devenir
  • obtenir
  • croissance
  • s'écouler
  • accomplir
439 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
545 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
515 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
115 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1799 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
224 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
549 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
322 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
261 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
261 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
377 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
836 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4352 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2202 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
367 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11542P Morohashi
3537 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2025 New Nelson (John Haig)
361 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
386 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
160 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
466 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1459 2001 Kanji
4n2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-4 SKIP code
3-5-1 SKIP code
5320.0 Four corner code
1-32-14 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6210 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
achievement, merits, success, honor, credit
Kun:
いさお
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
857 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 功 【コウ】 merit, success, meritorious deed, achievement, accumulated experience
  • 功績 【コウセキ】 achievement, meritorious deed, distinguished service, contribution
  • 即効 【ソッコウ】 immediate effect, instant effect
  • 奏功 【ソウコウ】 success, achievement, fruition
  • 工夫 【クフウ】 devising (a way), contriving, figuring out, coming up with, working out, inventing, device, design, idea, plan, invention, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation)
  • 効能 【コウノウ】 effect, efficacy, virtue, benefit

Kun reading compounds

  • 勲 【いさお】 distinguished service, meritorious service

Readings

Japanese names:
いさ、 かつ、 くぬ、 ぐう、 こと、 つとむ、 とし、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • logro
  • méritos
  • éxito
  • servicio

Portuguese

  • realização
  • méritos
  • sucesso
  • honra
  • crédito

French

  • réussite
  • réalisation
  • succès
  • mérite
  • honneur
  • crédit
605 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
502 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
477 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
765 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1454 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
467 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1099 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
135 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
818 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
837 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
378 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
138 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
165 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
871 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2295 Morohashi
189 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
522 New Nelson (John Haig)
863 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
927 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3145 2001 Kanji
2g3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
1412.7 Four corner code
1-24-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
529f Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
clothes 衣 (衤)
Parts:
back, amidst, in, reverse, inside, palm, sole, rear, lining, wrong side
Kun:
うら
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
812 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 裏 【リ】 in (e.g. secret), with (e.g. success)
  • 裏面 【ウラメン】 back (side), reverse, other side, inside, background, dark side (e.g. of society), behind the scenes, beneath the surface
  • 内裏 【ダイリ】 imperial palace, festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress
  • 影裏 【エイリ】 shade

Kun reading compounds

  • 裏 【うら】 opposite side, bottom, other side, side hidden from view, undersurface, reverse side, rear, back, behind, lining, inside, in the shadows, behind the scenes, offstage, behind (someone's) back, more (to something than meets the eye), hidden side (e.g. of one's personality), unknown circumstances, different side, proof, opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.), contrary, inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.), bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
  • 裏方 【うらかた】 someone working behind-the-scenes, scene shifter, lady consort (to a high personage)
  • 舞台裏 【ぶたいうら】 offstage, backstage, behind the scenes
  • 口裏 【くちうら】 determining a speaker's true or hidden meaning, determining a speaker's intentions from his manner of speech, divining good or bad luck from listening to someone

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li3
Korean:
ri

Spanish

  • reverso
  • opuesto
  • parte interior
  • en esa situación
  • interior

Portuguese

  • costas
  • no meio de
  • em
  • inverter
  • interior
  • palma
  • atrás
  • forro
  • lado errado

French

  • arrière
  • revers
  • verso
  • intérieur
  • semelle
  • paume
  • envers
  • doublure
  • mauvais côté
1002 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
992 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
755 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
327 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1076 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
883 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2176 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
273 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
273 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
436 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1627 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2652 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1836 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
406 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34294 Morohashi
2138 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5462 New Nelson (John Haig)
399 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
426 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
969 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
465 2001 Kanji
2j11.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-11 SKIP code
0073.2 Four corner code
1-46-2 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
88cf Unicode hex code