11 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
bad, vice, rascal, false, evil, wrong
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
530 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 悪 【アク】 evil, wickedness, (role of) the villain (in theatre, etc.), the bad guy
  • 悪魔 【アクマ】 devil, demon, fiend, Satan, the Devil, Māra, evil spirits or forces that hinder one's path to enlightenment
  • 改悪 【カイアク】 change for the worse, deterioration
  • 害悪 【ガイアク】 harm, injury, evil (influence)
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 悪血 【アクチ】 impure blood
  • 自己嫌悪 【ジコケンオ】 self-hatred, self-abhorrence, self-loathing
  • 好悪 【コウオ】 likes and dislikes

Kun reading compounds

  • 悪い 【わるい】 bad, poor, undesirable, poor (quality), inferior, insufficient, evil, sinful, ugly, not beautiful, at fault, to blame, in the wrong, bad (at doing something), unprofitable, unbeneficial, sorry, (my) bad, unforgivable
  • 悪い行い 【わるいおこない】 bad deed, evil deed
  • 悪し 【あし】 bad, evil
  • 悪し様に 【あしざまに】 unfavourably, unfavorably, disparagingly, insultingly, ill
  • 憎い 【にくい】 hateful, abominable, poor-looking, detestable, amazing, fantastic, admirable, lovely, wonderful
  • 難い 【にくい】 difficult to ..., hard to ...
  • 安んぞ 【いずくんぞ】 how, why
  • 憎む 【にくむ】 to hate, to detest


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
e4, e3, wu4
ag, o


  • malo
  • incorrecto
  • equivocado
  • odio
  • mal


  • mal
  • ruim
  • falso
  • mau
  • errado


  • mauvais
  • vice
  • vaurien
  • faux
  • mal
152 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
241 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
222 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
504 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
62 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
804 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
175 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1483A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.14 Japanese for Busy People
304 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
304 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
114 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
785 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3413 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1758 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2393 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1828 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10717 Morohashi
2745 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1873 New Nelson (John Haig)
1810 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1951 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
295 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
369 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3258 2001 Kanji
4k7.17 The Kanji Dictionary
2-7-4 SKIP code
1033.1 Four corner code
1-16-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
60aa Unicode hex code