Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
heart, mind, spirit, heart radical (no. 61)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
157 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 心 【シン】 heart, mind, spirit, vitality, inner strength, bottom of one's heart, core (of one's character), nature, centre, center, core, heart, heart (organ), Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions), friend
  • 心臓 【シンゾウ】 heart, guts, nerve, cheek, gall, spine, central part
  • 安心 【アンシン】 relief, peace of mind
  • 決心 【ケッシン】 determination, resolution

Kun reading compounds

  • 心 【こころ】 mind, heart, spirit, the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
  • 心得る 【こころえる】 to know, to understand, to be aware of, to regard as, to take for, to consent, to agree
  • 我が心 【わがこころ】 my heart
  • 静心 【しずごころ】 calm mind, placid temperament

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xin1
Korean:
sim

Spanish

  • corazón
  • centro

Portuguese

  • coração
  • mente
  • espírito

French

  • coeur
  • esprit
  • radical coeur (no. 61)
95 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
164 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
147 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
139 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1645 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
80 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
172 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
49 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
97 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
766 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
11 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
602 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10295 Morohashi
11 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1780 New Nelson (John Haig)
595 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
639 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
64 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
96 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
358 2001 Kanji
4k0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-3 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
3300.0 Four corner code
1-31-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fc3 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
fire 火 (灬)
Parts:
nothingness, none, ain't, nothing, nil, not
Kun:
な.い
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
274 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 無 【ム】 nothing, naught, nought, nil, zero, un-, non-
  • 無理 【ムリ】 unreasonable, unnatural, unjustifiable, impossible, forcible, forced, compulsory, excessive (work, etc.), immoderate, to work too hard, to try too hard, no way, not a chance, never, dream on, irrational
  • 瓜姆 【グアム】 Guam
  • 皆無 【カイム】 nonexistent, nil, none, nothing (at all), bugger-all
  • 無 【ブ】 un-, non-, bad ..., poor ...
  • 無事 【ブジ】 safety, security, peace, quiet, safely, without incident, successfully, good health, inaction, ennui

Kun reading compounds

  • 無い 【ない】 nonexistent, not being (there), unowned, not had, unpossessed, unique, not, impossible, won't happen, not, to not be, to have not
  • ないと行けない 【ないといけない】 have to (verb), must (verb), is indispensable, absolutely necessary
  • 苦無 【くない】 ninja throwing knives, mediaeval farming tool for digging, prying, etc.

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wu2, mo2
Korean:
mu

Spanish

  • nada
  • inexistente
  • prefijo negativo
  • no hay

Portuguese

  • Sem valor
  • nada
  • não sou/ estou
  • nihil
  • não

French

  • néant
  • rien
  • ne pas
  • non
  • in-
  • négatif
723 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
620 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
796 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
227 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2773 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
386 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
715 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1789 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
93 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
93 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
400 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1280 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2648 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1351 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1832 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1791 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
19113 Morohashi
2135 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3439 New Nelson (John Haig)
1775 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1913 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
179 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
600 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2340 2001 Kanji
4d8.8 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-10 SKIP code
2-8-4 SKIP code
8033.1 Four corner code
1-44-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7121 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
polish, study of, sharpen
Kun:
と.ぐ
On:
ケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
336 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 研究室 【ケンキュウシツ】 laboratory, seminar room, professor's office
  • 研究 【ケンキュウ】 study, research, investigation
  • 予研 【ヨケン】 National Institute of Health
  • 技研 【ギケン】 technical research institute

Kun reading compounds

  • 研ぐ 【とぐ】 to sharpen, to hone, to whet, to grind, to wash (rice), to scour, to polish, to burnish

Readings

Japanese names:
のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yan2, yan4
Korean:
yeon

Spanish

  • estudio
  • afilar
  • pulir

Portuguese

  • polir
  • estudar
  • afiar

French

  • polir
  • étudier
  • aiguiser
204 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
290 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
272 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
426 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3180 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
583 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
231 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
875 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
896 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
918 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
297 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1398 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1456 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
771 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1046 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
682 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24080 Morohashi
1132 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3991 New Nelson (John Haig)
675 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
729 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
284 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
325 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3355 2001 Kanji
5a4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-4 SKIP code
1164.0 Four corner code
1-24-6 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7814 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
plane, sharpen, whittle, pare, shave
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
814 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 削 【サク】 plane, sharpen, whittle, pare, shave (leather), scrape off, crossout, reduce, curtail
  • 削除 【サクジョ】 deletion, elimination, erasure, striking out
  • 添削 【テンサク】 correction, looking over, touching up
  • 掘削 【クッサク】 digging out, excavation

Kun reading compounds

  • 削る 【けずる】 to shave (wood, leather, etc.), to sharpen (e.g. pencil), to plane, to whittle, to pare, to scrape off, to erode, to cut down (budget, expenses, staff, time, etc.), to curtail, to reduce, to delete, to erase, to remove, to cross out, to strike out
  • 削る 【はつる】 to shave off (esp. concrete), to take a percentage, to take a cut
  • 削ぐ 【そぐ】 to chip (off), to shave (off), to slice (off), to sharpen, to dampen (e.g. enthusiasm), to discourage, to weaken, to reduce

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xue1, xiao1, xue4
Korean:
sag

Spanish

  • cepillo
  • cepillar
  • tallar
  • modelar

Portuguese

  • Avião
  • afiar
  • descascar
  • aparar

French

  • raboter
  • tailler
  • affiler
  • réduire
  • parer
  • supprimer
1298 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1453 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
690 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1164 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1092 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1611 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1718 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
195 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1837 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
972 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
119 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2000X Morohashi
1448 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
488 New Nelson (John Haig)
118 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
124 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1233 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1043 2001 Kanji
2f7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-2 SKIP code
9220.0 Four corner code
1-26-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524a Unicode hex code