Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
hillock, mound
Kun:
つか-づか
On:
チョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
869 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 円塚 【マルヅカ】 round burial mound

Kun reading compounds

  • 塚 【つか】 mound, heap, hillock, burial mound, tomb, tumulus, barrow
  • 塚穴 【つかあな】 grave

Readings

Japanese names:
ずか、 つ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong3
Korean:
chong

Spanish

  • altozano
  • montículo

Portuguese

  • morro
  • monte

French

  • butte
  • tertre
  • borne
  • tombe
1607 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
782 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1104 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1844 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1751 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1875 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1889 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
381 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
675 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
406 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
509 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1048 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5345 Morohashi
556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1048 New Nelson (John Haig)
1039 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1117 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1515 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1451 2001 Kanji
3b9.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
4713.2 Four corner code
1-36-45 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
585a Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Kun:
もと
On:
ホン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
10 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 本 【ホン】 book, volume, script, this, present, main, head, real, regular, counter for long cylindrical things, counter for films, TV shows, etc., counter for goals, home runs, etc., counter for telephone calls
  • 本位 【ホンイ】 standard, basis, principle
  • 社会資本 【シャカイシホン】 social capital, SOC
  • 配本 【ハイホン】 distribution of books

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 本木 【もとき】 original stock
  • 大本 【おおもと】 root, origin, source, cause, basis, foundation, Ōmoto (religion)
  • 旗本 【はたもと】 shogunal vassal, direct retainer of a shogun

Readings

Japanese names:
まと、 ごう
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ben3
Korean:
bon

Spanish

  • libro
  • origen
  • base
  • contador de cosas alargadas

Portuguese

  • livro
  • presente
  • real
  • verdadeiro
  • principal
  • sufixo p/ contagem De coisas longas

French

  • livre
  • présent
  • essentiel
  • origine
  • principal
  • réalité
  • vérité
  • compteur d'objets allongés
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
76 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
70 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
15 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
96 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
20 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
61 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
212 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
25 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
25 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
37 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1046 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4314 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2183 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2937 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
215 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14421 Morohashi
3502 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2536 New Nelson (John Haig)
211 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
47 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1855 2001 Kanji
0a5.25 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5023.0 Four corner code
1-43-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
672c Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, discernment, insight, an eye (for), eyesight, vision, nth year in the Meiji era (1868.9.8-1912.7.30)
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 英明 【エイメイ】 intelligent, wise, bright, brilliant, clear-sighted
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (July 4, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明り先 【あかりさき】 source of light
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 light, well-lit, well-lighted, bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored, cheerful, bright, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition), encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in), fair (e.g. politics), clean, impartial
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to grow light
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 clear, obvious, evident, plain, definite, bright, light
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • あくる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge, to disclose, to expose, to prove, to verify

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
1-44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
stop
Parts:
correct, justice, righteous, 10**40
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
143 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 正 【セイ】 (logical) true, regular, 10^40, ten thousand undecillion, original, positive, greater than zero, thesis (in dialectics)
  • 正解 【セイカイ】 correct, right, correct interpretation (answer, solution)
  • 検事正 【ケンジセイ】 chief public prosecutor
  • 適正 【テキセイ】 reasonable, suitable
  • 正 【ショウ】 exactly, precisely, correct, right, true, greater (of equal court ranks), upper, senior, director (highest of the four administrative positions of the ritsuryo period), chief
  • 正月 【ショウガツ】 New Year (esp. first three days), first month of the year, January
  • 大正 【タイショウ】 Taishō era (1912.7.30-1926.12.25), Taisho era
  • 賀正 【ガショウ】 A Happy New Year!

Kun reading compounds

  • 正しい 【ただしい】 right, correct, proper, righteous, just, honest, truthful, lawful
  • 正しい行い 【ただしいおこない】 conducting oneself properly, right conduct, doing the right thing
  • 正す 【ただす】 to correct, to rectify, to reform, to amend, to redress, to straighten (one's posture, collar, etc.), to adjust
  • 糺す 【ただす】 to ascertain, to confirm, to verify, to make sure of
  • 正 【まさ】 exact, precise
  • 正に 【まさに】 exactly, surely, certainly, just, right then, just then, at that moment, just (about to), on the verge (of doing or happening), duly, naturally
  • 正に 【まさに】 exactly, surely, certainly, just, right then, just then, at that moment, just (about to), on the verge (of doing or happening), duly, naturally

Readings

Japanese names:
おお、 くに、 ま、 まさし、 ただし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zheng4, zheng1
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • correcto
  • justo
  • arreglar
  • enderezar

Portuguese

  • corrigir
  • justiça
  • correto
  • direito
  • 10 elevado a 40

French

  • correct
  • positif
  • juste
  • droit
  • 10**40
46 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
41 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
109 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
27 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
123 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
203 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
205 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
275 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
275 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
407 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1128 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4296 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2172 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2926 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
385 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16255 Morohashi
3484 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2955 New Nelson (John Haig)
379 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
405 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
139 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
42 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3173 2001 Kanji
2m3.3 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-1 SKIP code
1010.1 Four corner code
1-32-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b63 Unicode hex code