Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
open country
Parts:
inside, within, between, among, house, home
Kun:
うち
On:
ナイダイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
44 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 内 【ナイ】 inside, within
  • 内科 【ナイカ】 internal medicine, i.e. treatment by medical procedures rather than surgical procedures, department of internal medicine (hospital, etc.)
  • 島内 【トウナイ】 on an island, on-island
  • 校内 【コウナイ】 within a school
  • 内裏 【ダイリ】 imperial palace, festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress
  • 内府 【ナイフ】 Minister of the Interior (669-1868 CE), Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal (1885-1945 CE)
  • 境内 【ケイダイ】 grounds (esp. of shrines and temples), compound, churchyard, precincts
  • 海内 【カイダイ】 the whole country

Kun reading compounds

  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 内々 【うちうち】 private, confidential, informal, secret, (within the) family circle, (on the) inside
  • 幕内 【まくうち】 highest-ranking division
  • 幕の内 【まくのうち】 box lunch (containing rice and 10-15 small portions of fish, meat, and vegetables), highest-ranking division, intermission (between acts), interlude

Readings

Japanese names:
いと、 ただ、 ち、 のち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nei4
Korean:
nae, nab

Spanish

  • interior
  • dentro de
  • privado

Portuguese

  • interior
  • dentro
  • entre
  • dentre
  • casa

French

  • intérieur
  • dedans
  • entre
  • parmi
  • maison
489 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
207 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
51 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
82 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
132 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
345 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
81 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
84 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
84 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
152 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
160 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4277 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2162 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2914 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1028 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1512 Morohashi
3466 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
386 New Nelson (John Haig)
1019 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1095 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
77 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
99 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1653 2001 Kanji
0a4.23 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-4 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
1-38-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5185 Unicode hex code