Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
right hand
Parts:
friend
Kun:
とも
On:
ユウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
622 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 友好 【ユウコウ】 friendship
  • 友愛 【ユウアイ】 fraternity, friendship
  • 戦友 【センユウ】 comrade in arms, war buddy, fellow soldier
  • 盟友 【メイユウ】 sworn friend

Kun reading compounds

  • 友 【とも】 friend, companion, comrade, pal, accompaniment, companion (e.g. book), complement, accessory
  • 友達 【ともだち】 friend, companion
  • リア友 【リアとも】 real-life friend (as opposed to online friend)
  • 酒のお供 【さけのおとも】 appetizer or snack served with drinks, accompaniment to an (alcoholic) drink

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 ど、 ゆ
Chinese:
you3
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • amigo
  • compañero

Portuguese

  • amigo

French

  • ami
145 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
234 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
214 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
543 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
858 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
158 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
30 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
70 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
264 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
264 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
79 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
268 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3670 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1873 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2553 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
711 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3119 Morohashi
2952 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
672 New Nelson (John Haig)
704 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
760 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
451 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
104 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
2h2.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
4004.7 Four corner code
45-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53cb Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sign 示 (礻)
Parts:
Variants:
Zen, silent meditation
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1902 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 禅 【ゼン】 dhyana (profound meditation), Zen (Buddhism)
  • 禅寺 【ゼンデラ】 Zen temple
  • 吹禅 【スイゼン】 Zen blowing meditation (performed with shakuhachi)
  • 如来禅 【ニョライゼン】 Zen Buddhism based on the original teachings of Buddha

Readings

Chinese:
shan4, chan2
Korean:
seon

Spanish

  • Zen
  • meditación

Portuguese

  • Zen
  • meditação silenciosa

French

  • Zen
  • méditation
1502 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1551 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3255 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1063 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1580 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1886 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1540 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1642 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
589 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1426 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1306 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
947 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1949 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24787P Morohashi
1032 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4104 New Nelson (John Haig)
1930 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2080 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1654 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
655 2001 Kanji
4e9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
3225.6 Four corner code
3925.6 Four corner code
33-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7985 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
dye, color, paint, stain, print
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
837 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 染色体 【センショクタイ】 chromosome
  • 染色 【センショク】 dyeing, staining, dyed colour (color)
  • 媒染 【バイセン】 color fixing, colour fixing, mordantizing
  • 複合汚染 【フクゴウオセン】 multiple contamination

Kun reading compounds

  • 染める 【そめる】 to dye, to colour, to color
  • 染まる 【そまる】 to be dyed, to be tainted, to be infected, to be stained, to be steeped
  • 染みる 【しみる】 to pierce, to penetrate, to soak in, to permeate, to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.), to smart, to twinge, to be infected (with vice), to be steeped (with prejudice), to be influenced, to feel keenly, to make a deep impression
  • 染み 【しみ】 stain, spot, smudge, blot, smear, blotch, spot (on one's skin, e.g. chloasma, liver spot), blemish, discoloration, freckle
  • 染みる 【しみる】 to pierce, to penetrate, to soak in, to permeate, to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.), to smart, to twinge, to be infected (with vice), to be steeped (with prejudice), to be influenced, to feel keenly, to make a deep impression

Readings

Japanese names:
そめ
Chinese:
ran3
Korean:
yeom

Spanish

  • tinte
  • teñir
  • contagiar
  • colorear
  • manchar
  • mancha

Portuguese

  • tinta
  • cor
  • pintura
  • tingir
  • impressão

French

  • teindre
  • tache
  • pollution
  • colorer
  • peindre
  • imprimer
928 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
917 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1161 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2240 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
974 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1426 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
968 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
779 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
793 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
908 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1058 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3181 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1640 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2229 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
220 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14621 Morohashi
2572 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2636 New Nelson (John Haig)
509 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
548 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
889 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
4a5.35 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-4 SKIP code
3490.4 Four corner code
32-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
67d3 Unicode hex code