Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
harm, injury
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
358 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 害 【ガイ】 injury, harm, evil influence, damage
  • 害虫 【ガイチュウ】 harmful insect, noxious insect, vermin, pest
  • 薬害 【ヤクガイ】 harmful side effects of a medicine or drug
  • 傷害 【ショウガイ】 wound, injury, accident, casualty, assault, inflicting bodily injury

Readings

Chinese:
hai4
Korean:
hae, hal

Spanish

  • desastre
  • obstáculo
  • daño
  • lesión

Portuguese

  • dano
  • injúria

French

  • tort
  • mal
  • blessure
362 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
460 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
437 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
425 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1306 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
450 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
468 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1181 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
518 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
527 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
785 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
481 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2826 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1457 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1565 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7165 Morohashi
2272 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1333 New Nelson (John Haig)
1551 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1671 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
428 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
538 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.1 Four corner code
1-19-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bb3 Unicode hex code