Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷蔵庫 【レイゾウコ】 refrigerator, fridge
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
sturdy, strength
On:
ゴウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1576 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 剛 【ゴウ】 strong, hard, manly
  • 強情 【ゴウジョウ】 obstinate, stubborn, headstrong
  • 強豪 【キョウゴウ】 overwhelming strength, extremely strong person, powerhouse, very strong player, very strong team
  • 金剛 【コンゴウ】 vajra (indestructible substance), diamond, adamantine, thunderbolt, Indra's weapon, Buddhist symbol of the indestructible truth

Readings

Japanese names:
かた、 こう、 ご、 たか、 たけ、 たけし、 つよ、 つよし、 ひさ、 まさ、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gang1
Korean:
gang

Spanish

  • fuerte
  • robusto
  • inflexible
  • rígido

Portuguese

  • robusto
  • vigor

French

  • fermeté
  • vigoureux
  • force
1270 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1854 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
114 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1434 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1094 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1429 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1610 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1717 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1613 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
199 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2107 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1097 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1495 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1983 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2042 Morohashi
1673 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
497 New Nelson (John Haig)
1964 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2115 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1311 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3643 2001 Kanji
2f8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-2 SKIP code
7220.0 Four corner code
1-25-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
525b Unicode hex code