Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中央線 【チュウオウセン】 Chuo Line (central railway line in Tokyo)
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, in, among, within, center (centre), middle, during, while
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • 火中 【かちゅう】 in the fire, in the flames, burning (something)
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while, among, amongst, between, we, our, my spouse, imperial palace grounds, emperor, I, me
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 腹の中 【はらのなか】 in the belly, in one's heart of hearts
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, (in fishing) to feel a bite, (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Chinese:
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code

西

6 strokes
Radical:
west 西 (襾, 覀)
Parts:
西
Variants:
west, Spain
Kun:
にし
On:
セイサイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
259 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 西 【セイ】 Spain
  • 西遊記 【サイユウキ】 Monkey (Monkey King, Magic Monkey), Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature)
  • 南西 【ナンセイ】 southwest
  • 北北西 【ホクホクセイ】 north-northwest
  • 西遊記 【サイユウキ】 Monkey (Monkey King, Magic Monkey), Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature)
  • 西方 【セイホウ】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 西瓜 【スイカ】 watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
  • 西班牙 【スペイン】 Spain

Kun reading compounds

  • 西 【にし】 west
  • 西方 【せいほう】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 南西 【なんせい】 southwest
  • 東は東西は西 【ひがしはひがしにしはにし】 East is East, and West is West

Readings

Japanese names:
いり、 ひし、 むら
Chinese:
xi1
Korean:
seo

Spanish

  • Oeste
  • España

Portuguese

  • oeste
  • Espanha

French

  • Ouest
  • Espagne
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
169 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
152 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
167 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4273 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
28 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
83 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
336 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
72 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
72 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1638 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4333 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2193 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2951 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1616 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34763 Morohashi
3520 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5514 New Nelson (John Haig)
1602 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1728 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
198 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
128 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3275 2001 Kanji
0a6.20 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-1 SKIP code
1060.0 Four corner code
32-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
897f Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
village, mile
Parts:
ri, village, parent's home, league
Kun:
さと
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
1096 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 里 【リ】 Japanese league, ri, old Japanese unit of distance, approx. 3.927km or 2.44 miles, neighbourhood (under the ritsuryo system; orig. of 50 homes), unit of area (approx. 654m by 654m)
  • 里言 【リゲン】 dialect
  • 万里 【バンリ】 thousands of miles
  • 亜爾加里 【アルカリ】 alkali

Kun reading compounds

  • 里 【さと】 village, hamlet, countryside, country, home (of one's parents, etc.), hometown, one's origins, one's upbringing, one's past
  • 里親 【さとおや】 foster parent, foster parents
  • お里 【おさと】 one's parents' home, one's origins, one's upbringing, one's past
  • 夏山冬里 【なつやまふゆさと】 pasturing cattle in summer and feeding them indoors during winter, rotated grazing

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
li3
Korean:
ri

Spanish

  • ri (unidad de medida)
  • aldea
  • pueblo
  • lugar natal

Portuguese

  • aldeia
  • casa paterna
  • légua

French

  • hameau
  • village natal
  • maison de ses parents
  • ri (3965 mètres)
332 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
238 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
219 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1077 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4813 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
101 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1842 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
517 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
142 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
142 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1025 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1801 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4356 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2206 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2968 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
175 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40131 Morohashi
3542 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6206 New Nelson (John Haig)
173 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
185 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
154 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3672 2001 Kanji
0a7.9 The Kanji Dictionary
4-7-1 SKIP code
6010.4 Four corner code
46-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
91cc Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
vegetable, side dish, greens
Kun:
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1327 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 菜 【サイ】 side dish
  • 菜園 【サイエン】 vegetable garden
  • 山菜 【サンサイ】 edible wild plants
  • 前菜 【ゼンサイ】 hors d'oeuvre, appetizer, appetiser, starter

Kun reading compounds

  • 菜 【な】 greens, vegetables, rape (Brassica napus), rapeseed
  • 菜種 【なたね】 rapeseed, coleseed
  • 若菜 【わかな】 young greens, young herbs
  • うまい菜 【うまいな】 Swiss chard

Readings

Japanese names:
よう
Chinese:
cai4
Korean:
chae

Spanish

  • verduras
  • entremeses
  • vegetales

Portuguese

  • legume
  • salada
  • verduras

French

  • légume
  • accompagnement (du riz)
401 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
509 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
483 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1108 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3982 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
870 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
246 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1447 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
931 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
958 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
774 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
660 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2880 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1486 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2004 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
742 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31184P Morohashi
2305 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5097 New Nelson (John Haig)
734 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
566 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1964 2001 Kanji
3k8.25 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-8 SKIP code
4490.4 Four corner code
26-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83dc Unicode hex code