Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
Africa, flatter, fawn upon, corner, nook, recess
Kun:
おもね.るくま
On:
Jinmeiyō kanji, used in names
JLPT level N1
1126 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 阿 【ア】 first Sanskrit alphabet letter, Africa, Awa (old province of Japan), prefixed to names to show intimacy
  • 阿弗利加 【アフリカ】 Africa
  • 南阿 【ナンア】 South Africa
  • 阿蘭陀 【オランダ】 Netherlands, Holland
  • おたふく風邪 【オタフクカゼ】 mumps, epidemic parotitis
  • 加加阿 【カカオ】 cacao, cocoa

Kun reading compounds

  • 阿る 【おもねる】 to flatter, to play up to, to fawn on, to pander to, to cater to
  • 隈 【くま】 corner, nook, recess, shade, shadow, dark area, dark circles (under the eyes), dark rings, shading, gradation, kumadori, style of kabuki makeup used for violent roles

Readings

Japanese names:
ほとり、 あず、 あわ、 おか、 きた、 な
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
a1, e1, a5, a2, a4
Korean:
a, og

Spanish

  • A fonética
  • África
  • meandro
  • adular
  • halagar

Portuguese

French

  • flatter
  • flagorner
  • Afrique
  • coin
  • recoin
1515 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4985 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
569 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2258 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
408 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
256 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
305 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1304 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41599 Morohashi
346 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6435 New Nelson (John Haig)
1295 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1391 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
2d5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
7122.0 Four corner code
1-16-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
963f Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
protect, guarantee, keep, preserve, sustain, support
Kun:
たも.つ
On:
ホウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
146 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 保存 【ホゾン】 preservation, conservation, storage, maintenance, saving (e.g. to disk)
  • 保証 【ホショウ】 guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
  • 確保 【カクホ】 securing, obtaining, ensuring, guarantee, maintaining, belay, belaying
  • 留保 【リュウホ】 reserving, withholding
  • 保する 【ホスル】 to guarantee
  • 保安 【ホウアン】 Hōan era (1120.4.10-1124.4.3)
  • 永保 【エイホウ】 Eihō era (1081.2.10-1084.2.7), Eiho era
  • 太保 【タイホウ】 Grand Protector (lowest of the top three civil positions of the Zhou Dynasty), Minister of the Right (official in Nara and Heian periods)

Kun reading compounds

  • 保つ 【たもつ】 to keep, to preserve, to hold, to retain, to maintain, to sustain, to last, to endure, to keep well (food), to wear well, to be durable

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 お、 ぶ、 もり、 やす、 やすし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bao3
Korean:
bo

Spanish

  • garantizar
  • mantener
  • preservar
  • proteger
  • apoyar

Portuguese

  • proteger garantia
  • guarda
  • preservar
  • sustentar
  • apoiar

French

  • protéger
  • garantir
  • garder
  • préserver
  • conserver
  • soutenir
716 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
808 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
787 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
166 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
455 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
351 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
319 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
781 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
489 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
498 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
665 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
102 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
107 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
72 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
77 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1006 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
702 Morohashi
96 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
222 New Nelson (John Haig)
997 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1072 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
163 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
705 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2164 2001 Kanji
2a7.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-7 SKIP code
2629.4 Four corner code
1-42-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4fdd Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
sturdy, strength
On:
ゴウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1576 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 剛 【ゴウ】 strong, hard, manly
  • 強情 【ゴウジョウ】 obstinate, stubborn, headstrong
  • 強豪 【キョウゴウ】 overwhelming strength, extremely strong person, powerhouse, very strong player, very strong team
  • 金剛 【コンゴウ】 vajra (indestructible substance), diamond, adamantine, thunderbolt, Indra's weapon, Buddhist symbol of the indestructible truth

Readings

Japanese names:
かた、 こう、 ご、 たか、 たけ、 たけし、 つよ、 つよし、 ひさ、 まさ、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gang1
Korean:
gang

Spanish

  • fuerte
  • robusto
  • inflexible
  • rígido

Portuguese

  • robusto
  • vigor

French

  • fermeté
  • vigoureux
  • force
1270 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1854 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
114 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1434 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1094 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1429 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1610 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1717 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1613 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
199 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2107 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1097 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1495 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1983 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2042 Morohashi
1673 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
497 New Nelson (John Haig)
1964 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2115 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1311 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3643 2001 Kanji
2f8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-2 SKIP code
7220.0 Four corner code
1-25-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
525b Unicode hex code