Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
purple, violet
Kun:
むらさき
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1516 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 紫色 【ムラサキイロ】 purple, violet
  • 紫外線 【シガイセン】 ultraviolet rays, ultraviolet radiation
  • 紅紫 【コウシ】 crimson and purple, red-purple, magenta
  • 九紫 【キュウシ】 ninth of nine traditional astrological signs (corresponding to Mars and south)

Kun reading compounds

  • 紫 【むらさき】 purple, violet, Lithospermum erythrorhizon (species of gromwell), type of soy sauce
  • 紫色 【むらさきいろ】 purple, violet
  • 貝紫 【かいむらさき】 Tyrian purple
  • 古代紫 【こだいむらさき】 reddish-purple

Readings

Japanese names:
さい、 ゆかり
Chinese:
zi3
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • púrpura
  • violeta

Portuguese

  • roxo
  • violeta

French

  • violet
1320 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1489 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3534 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1392 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1626 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2209 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1389 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1478 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1711 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1507 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3332 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1728 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2348 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1387 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27337X Morohashi
2688 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4486 New Nelson (John Haig)
1375 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1475 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1577 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1241 2001 Kanji
6a6.15 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-6 SKIP code
2-5-6 SKIP code
2290.3 Four corner code
2190.3 Four corner code
27-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d2b Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
evening, sunset
Parts:
outside
Kun:
そとほかはず.すはず.れると-
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
81 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 外 【ガイ】 outside of, not covered by
  • 外圧 【ガイアツ】 external pressure, outside pressure, foreign pressure
  • 渉外 【ショウガイ】 public relations, client liaison, client relations
  • 在外 【ザイガイ】 overseas, abroad
  • 外科 【ゲカ】 surgery, department of surgery (hospital, etc.)
  • 外科医 【ゲカイ】 surgeon

Kun reading compounds

  • 外 【そと】 outside, exterior, open air, other place
  • 外壁 【がいへき】 outer wall
  • 大外 【おおそと】 far out wide (horse racing), far outside
  • 家の外 【いえのそと】 outside the house
  • 他 【ほか】 other (place, thing, person), the rest, outside, beyond, nothing except, nothing but, nothing apart from, nothing aside from, no choice (but to), besides..., in addition to...
  • 外人 【がいじん】 foreigner (esp. one of European ancestry), gaijin, outsider
  • この外 【このほか】 besides, moreover, in addition
  • 思いのほか 【おもいのほか】 unexpectedly, surprisingly, unexpected
  • 外す 【はずす】 to remove, to take off, to detach, to unfasten, to undo, to drop (e.g. from a team), to remove (from a position), to exclude, to expel, to leave (e.g. one's seat), to go away from, to step out, to slip away, to dodge (a question, blow, etc.), to evade, to sidestep, to avoid (e.g. peak season), to miss (a target, chance, punch, etc.)
  • 外れる 【はずれる】 to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear), to miss the mark, to get it wrong (e.g. guess, expectation), to draw a blank (e.g. lottery), to be removed, to be excluded, to be contrary to, to go against

Readings

Japanese names:
うい、 け、 ふか
Chinese:
wai4
Korean:
oe

Spanish

  • fuera
  • exterior
  • otro
  • desatar
  • estar desatado
  • estar desconectado

Portuguese

  • Exterior

French

  • extérieur
56 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
91 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
120 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1168 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
42 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
38 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
139 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
83 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
83 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
404 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
215 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
112 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5750 Morohashi
186 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1125 New Nelson (John Haig)
111 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
116 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
69 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
105 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2554 2001 Kanji
2m3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
2320.0 Four corner code
19-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5916 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
Variants:
line, track
Kun:
すじ
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N2
382 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 線 【セン】 line, stripe, stria, line (e.g. telephone line), wire, ray (e.g. X-ray), beam, line (e.g. of a railroad), track, route, lane, outline, contours, form, level, division, line (of action), position, approach, policy, principle, impression one leaves, air one gives off
  • 繊維 【センイ】 fibre, fiber, textile
  • 横線 【オウセン】 horizontal line
  • 赤外線 【セキガイセン】 infrared rays, infrared radiation

Readings

Chinese:
xian4
Korean:
seon

Spanish

  • línea
  • cable
  • frontera
  • raíl
  • carril

Portuguese

  • linha
  • trilha

French

  • ligne
  • voie
447 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
176 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
329 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
247 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3580 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
389 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
826 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
299 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
299 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
841 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1551 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1760 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
944 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1273 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1351 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27641 Morohashi
1392 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4548 New Nelson (John Haig)
1339 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1438 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
236 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2742 2001 Kanji
6a9.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-9 SKIP code
2693.2 Four corner code
32-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7dda Unicode hex code