Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
promise, approximately, shrink
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
94 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 約 【ヤク】 approximately, about, promise, appointment, engagement, shortening, reduction, simplification, contraction (in phonetics)
  • 約束 【ヤクソク】 promise, agreement, arrangement, one's word, contract, pact, appointment, engagement, date, convention, rule, destiny, fate
  • 締約 【テイヤク】 conclusion of a treaty
  • 成約 【セイヤク】 conclusion of a contract

Kun reading compounds

  • 約まる 【つづまる】 to compress, to shrink
  • 約める 【つづめる】 to abridge, to shorten, to economize
  • 約やか 【つづまやか】 concise, brief, humble, frugal, modest, discrete

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yue1, yao1
Korean:
yag, yo

Spanish

  • promesa
  • aproximadamente
  • encogerse
  • economizar

Portuguese

  • promessa
  • aproximadamente
  • recuar

French

  • environ
  • promettre
  • abréger
  • raccourcir
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
621 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
591 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
137 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3499 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
451 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
808 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
211 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
211 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
381 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1516 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1632 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1177 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1374 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27242X Morohashi
1280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4440 New Nelson (John Haig)
1362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1462 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
258 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
534 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2752 2001 Kanji
6a3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2792.0 Four corner code
1-44-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d04 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
918 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 束 【ソク】 lattice, counter for large bundles (e.g. 10 sheafs of rice, 200 sheets of calligraphy paper, 20 whistling arrows, 100 fish), handbreadth (unit for measuring the length of arrows)
  • 束縛 【ソクバク】 restraint, restriction, fetters, yoke, shackles, binding, confinement with rope
  • 結束 【ケッソク】 union, unity, solidarity, bundling, binding, tying, putting on (clothes, armour, etc.)
  • 口約束 【クチヤクソク】 verbal promise, one's word

Kun reading compounds

  • 束 【たば】 bundle, bunch, sheaf
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 鍵束 【かぎたば】 bunch of keys
  • 麦束 【むぎたば】 wheat sheaf, stacked wheat
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 束 【つか】 strut, short vertical post, thickness (of a book minus the cover, a sheaf of paper, etc.), handbreadth, bundle
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 不束 【ふつつか】 inexperienced, incompetent, inept, incapable, careless
  • 矢束 【やつか】 arrow length, bundle of arrows
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shu4
Korean:
sog

Spanish

  • manojo
  • legajo (papeles)
  • haz (leños)
  • gavilla
  • racimo
  • bobina

Portuguese

  • pacote
  • molho
  • feixe
  • amarra em pacotes
  • governar
  • administrar

French

  • fagot
  • gerbe
  • bouquet
  • promesse
  • mettre en liasse
  • rame (papier)
  • gouverner
  • diriger
  • contrôler
561 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1535 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
998 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
196 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1126 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
620 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
536 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
501 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
510 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
382 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1051 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4369 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2214 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2978 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1680 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14480 Morohashi
3554 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2559 New Nelson (John Haig)
1664 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
486 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1564 2001 Kanji
0a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
4-7-3 SKIP code
5090.6 Four corner code
1-34-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
675f Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Variants:
guard, protect, defend, obey
Kun:
まも.るまも.りもり-もりかみ
On:
シュ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
457 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 守備 【シュビ】 defense, defence
  • 守勢 【シュセイ】 (being on the) defensive
  • 好守 【コウシュ】 good fielding
  • 攻守 【コウシュ】 offense and defense, offence and defence, batting and fielding
  • 守護 【シュゴ】 protection, safeguard, shugo (Kamakura or Muromachi period military governor)
  • 居留守 【イルス】 pretending to be out
  • 神の留守 【カミノルス】 absence of the gods from their shrines in October (while they are visiting the Grand Shrine of Izumo)

Kun reading compounds

  • 守る 【まもる】 to protect, to guard, to defend, to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
  • 守り 【まもり】 protection, defense, defence, providence, amulet, charm, talisman
  • 守り神 【まもりがみ】 guardian deity
  • 島主 【とうしゅ】 island chief
  • 山守 【やまもり】 ranger (forest), mountain guardian
  • 守り 【もり】 babysitting, babysitter, protecting, keeping, keeper
  • 守り立てる 【もりたてる】 to support, to back up, to rally round, to revive (e.g. a company), to boost (e.g. morale), to bring up, to raise
  • 井守 【いもり】 newt (esp. the Japanese fire belly newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster)
  • 足無井守 【あしなしいもり】 caecilian (any burrowing legless amphibian of the order Gymnophiona)
  • 守 【かみ】 director (of the provincial governors under the ritsuryo system)
  • 肥後守 【ひごのかみ】 higonokami, type of folding knife with metal handle
  • 薩摩の守 【さつまのかみ】 traveling while deliberately not paying a fare (travelling)

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 し、 も、 て
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shou3
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • guardar proteger
  • defender
  • guardar
  • proteger

Portuguese

  • vigia
  • protege
  • defende
  • obedece

French

  • garder
  • protéger
  • défendre
  • obéir
  • respect (des règles)
421 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
316 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
300 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
564 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1282 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
352 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
460 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
284 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
490 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
499 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
466 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2697 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1375 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1861 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
189 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7071 Morohashi
2173 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1310 New Nelson (John Haig)
186 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
198 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
364 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
270 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
748 2001 Kanji
3m3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-3 SKIP code
3034.2 Four corner code
1-28-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b88 Unicode hex code