Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
polish, study of, sharpen
Kun:
と.ぐ
On:
ケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
336 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 研究員 【ケンキュウイン】 researcher, lab worker
  • 研究 【ケンキュウ】 study, research, investigation
  • 予研 【ヨケン】 National Institute of Health
  • 技研 【ギケン】 technical research institute

Kun reading compounds

  • 研ぐ 【とぐ】 to sharpen, to hone, to whet, to grind, to wash (rice), to scour, to polish, to burnish

Readings

Japanese names:
のり
Chinese:
yan2, yan4
Korean:
yeon

Spanish

  • estudio
  • afilar
  • pulir

Portuguese

  • polir
  • estudar
  • afiar

French

  • polir
  • étudier
  • aiguiser
204 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
290 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
272 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
426 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3180 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
583 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
231 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
875 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
896 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
918 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
297 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1398 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1456 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
771 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1046 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
682 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24080 Morohashi
1132 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3991 New Nelson (John Haig)
675 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
729 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
284 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
325 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3355 2001 Kanji
5a4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-4 SKIP code
1164.0 Four corner code
24-6 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7814 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
stone
Parts:
广
grind, polish, scour, improve, brush (teeth)
Kun:
みが.くす.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1608 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 摩耗 【マモウ】 wear, abrasion
  • 磨羯宮 【マカツキュウ】 Capricorn (10th zodiacal sign), the Goat
  • 琢磨 【タクマ】 polish (jewels), cultivation
  • 達磨 【ダルマ】 daruma, tumbling doll, round, red-painted good-luck doll in the shape of Bodhidharma, with a blank eye to be completed when a person's wish is granted, Bodhidharma, prostitute

Kun reading compounds

  • 磨く 【みがく】 to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth), to grind (e.g. lens), to refine (e.g. a skill), to improve, to cultivate
  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
おさむ
Chinese:
mo2, mo4
Korean:
ma

Spanish

  • pulido
  • abrillantado
  • pulir
  • abrillantar
  • lavarse los dientes

Portuguese

  • moer
  • polir
  • explorar
  • melhorar
  • escovar (dentes)

French

  • polir
  • moudre
  • récurer
  • améliorer
  • brosser (dents)
1831 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1376 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5393 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1985 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
768 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2596 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1531 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1632 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1731 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3946 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2033 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2744 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
601 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24449P Morohashi
3181 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4045 New Nelson (John Haig)
594 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
638 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1840 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
577 2001 Kanji
3q13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-13 SKIP code
3-11-5 SKIP code
0026.1 Four corner code
43-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
78e8 Unicode hex code