Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
destroy, ruin, overthrow, perish
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1222 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 滅亡 【メツボウ】 downfall, ruin, collapse, destruction
  • 滅罪 【メツザイ】 expiation
  • 全滅 【ゼンメツ】 annihilation, total destruction, complete destruction, crushing defeat
  • 撲滅 【ボクメツ】 eradication, extermination, destruction, suppression

Kun reading compounds

  • 滅びる 【ほろびる】 to go to ruin, to go under, to fall, to be destroyed, to die out, to become extinct, to perish
  • 滅ぶ 【ほろぶ】 to be ruined, to go under, to perish, to be destroyed
  • 滅ぼす 【ほろぼす】 to destroy, to overthrow, to wreck, to ruin

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mie4
Korean:
myeol

Spanish

  • extinguirse
  • apagarse
  • estropearse
  • ser destruido
  • ser devastado
  • estropear
  • destruir
  • devastar
  • demoler

Portuguese

  • destruir
  • arruinar
  • extinguir
  • golpe

French

  • anéantir
  • détruire
  • ruiner
  • renverser
  • périr
1848 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1387 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2660 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1228 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1488 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1338 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1421 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1500 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1237 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
812 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
475 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
606 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
371 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18008 Morohashi
660 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3279 New Nelson (John Haig)
365 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
390 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1642 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
3a10.26 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
3315.0 Four corner code
1-44-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6ec5 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
private, I, me
Kun:
わたくしわたし
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N4
242 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 私 【シ】 private affairs, personal matter
  • 私立 【シリツ】 private (establishment)
  • 無私 【ムシ】 unselfish, selfless, disinterested
  • 滅私 【メッシ】 selflessness, being unselfish

Kun reading compounds

  • 私 【わたくし】 I, me, personal (affairs, etc.), private, selfishness, partiality, secrecy, confidentiality
  • 私立 【しりつ】 private (establishment)
  • 不肖私 【ふしょうわたくし】 I, me
  • 私 【わたし】 I, me
  • 私たち 【わたしたち】 we, us

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
si1
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • yo
  • privado
  • secreto

Portuguese

  • particular
  • Eu
  • me

French

  • privé
  • je
  • moi
797 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
887 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
876 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
221 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3265 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
367 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
232 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
637 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
125 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
125 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
72 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1428 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1432 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
758 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1030 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
911 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24913 Morohashi
1115 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4124 New Nelson (John Haig)
902 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
968 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
17 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
852 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2271 2001 Kanji
5d2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-2 SKIP code
2293.0 Four corner code
1-27-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
79c1 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
observance, offer, present, dedicate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1624 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 奉仕 【ホウシ】 service, ministry, attendance, church work, offering goods at a reduced price, providing a service for free
  • 奉公 【ホウコウ】 live-in domestic service, live-in apprenticeship, public duty, public service
  • 奉行 【ブギョウ】 magistrate, shogunate administrator
  • 奉行所 【ブギョウショ】 magistrate's office
  • 供奉 【グブ】 accompanying, being in attendance on, inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
  • 内供奉 【ナイグブ】 inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)

Kun reading compounds

  • 奉る 【たてまつる】 to offer, to present, to set someone up in a high position, to revere at a distance, to do respectfully
  • 奉る 【たてまつる】 to offer, to present, to set someone up in a high position, to revere at a distance, to do respectfully
  • 奉ずる 【ほうずる】 to present, to dedicate, to obey, to follow, to believe in, to serve, to proudly bear

Readings

Japanese names:
とも、 やす
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
feng4
Korean:
bong

Spanish

  • ofrenda
  • servicial
  • ofrecer
  • reverenciar
  • obedecer

Portuguese

  • observância
  • oferecer
  • presente
  • dedicar

French

  • obéissance
  • offrande
  • présent
  • se consacrer
1793 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1106 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
212 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1191 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1177 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
717 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1541 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1643 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1678 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
415 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3167 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1629 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2215 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1587 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5894 Morohashi
2559 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1149 New Nelson (John Haig)
1573 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1695 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1161 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1455 2001 Kanji
0a8.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
4-8-4 SKIP code
5050.3 Four corner code
1-42-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5949 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
public, prince, official, governmental
Kun:
おおやけ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public matter, governmental matter, prince, duke, lord, sir, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公園 【コウエン】 (public) park
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, matter, forum, etc.), common, being public knowledge, being out in the open, exposure to public view
  • 公にする 【おおやけにする】 to make public

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial

Portuguese

  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental

French

  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code