Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
astringent, hesitate, reluctant, have diarrhea
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1011 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 渋滞 【ジュウタイ】 congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
  • 渋面 【ジュウメン】 grimace, sullen face
  • 難渋 【ナンジュウ】 suffering, distress, difficulty, hardship, misery, being bogged down, hurdle
  • 晦渋 【カイジュウ】 ambiguous, obscure, equivocal

Kun reading compounds

  • 渋 【しぶ】 kakishibu, astringent persimmon juice used as a dye or to to treat wood, paper, etc.
  • 渋い 【しぶい】 astringent, bitter, puckery, rough, harsh, tart, austere, elegant (and unobtrusive), refined, quiet (and simple), sober, sombre, subdued, tasteful (in a quiet way), understated, sour (look), glum, grim, sullen, sulky, stingy, tight-fisted
  • 柿渋 【かきしぶ】 kakishibu, astringent persimmon juice used as a dye or to to treat wood, paper, etc.
  • 鉄渋 【かなしぶ】 aqueous iron rust
  • 渋い 【しぶい】 astringent, bitter, puckery, rough, harsh, tart, austere, elegant (and unobtrusive), refined, quiet (and simple), sober, sombre, subdued, tasteful (in a quiet way), understated, sour (look), glum, grim, sullen, sulky, stingy, tight-fisted
  • 渋い顔をする 【しぶいかおをする】 to frown (on), to be grim-faced, to look sullen
  • 渋る 【しぶる】 to hesitate, to hold back, to balk, to falter, to be reluctant, to be unwilling, to begrudge, to have loose painful bowel movement, to suffer from tenesmus

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
se4
Korean:
sab

Spanish

  • astringente
  • austero
  • tacaño
  • renuente
  • tener diarrea

Portuguese

  • adstringente
  • hesitar
  • relutante
  • ter diarréia

French

  • astringent
  • hésiter
  • rechigner
  • diarrhée
  • chic
1364 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
729 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2600 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1025 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1483 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1334 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1693 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1809 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1400 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
625 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
377 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
471 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17750P Morohashi
513 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3200 New Nelson (John Haig)
1738 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1875 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1455 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
340 2001 Kanji
3a8.19 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
3113.2 Four corner code
1-29-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e0b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
stagnate, be delayed, overdue, arrears
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1107 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 滞在 【タイザイ】 stay, sojourn
  • 滞納 【タイノウ】 falling behind (with a payment), being in arrears, non-payment, default, delinquency
  • 渋滞 【ジュウタイ】 congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
  • 停滞 【テイタイ】 stagnation, tie-up, standstill, congestion, delay, accumulation, falling into arrears

Kun reading compounds

  • 滞る 【とどこおる】 to stagnate, to be delayed, to be left undone, to be overdue (of a payment), to fall into arrears, to be outstanding

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi4
Korean:
che

Spanish

  • retraso
  • atraso
  • estancarse
  • retrasarse

Portuguese

  • estagnar
  • demorar-se
  • atrasar-se
  • atraso no pagamento

French

  • stagner
  • retard
  • arriérés
1549 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1215 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2661 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1251 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1492 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
964 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
995 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1402 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1234 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
815 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
477 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
609 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
423 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18067P Morohashi
663 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3280 New Nelson (John Haig)
416 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
445 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1640 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
3a10.14 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
3412.7 Four corner code
1-34-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6ede Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
tax, duty
On:
ゼイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
289 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 税 【ゼイ】 tax
  • 税金 【ゼイキン】 tax, duty
  • 免税 【メンゼイ】 tax exemption, duty exemption
  • 課税 【カゼイ】 taxation

Readings

Japanese names:
さい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shui4
Korean:
se, tal

Spanish

  • impuesto
  • arancel

Portuguese

  • imposto
  • dever

French

  • taxe
  • droits
826 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
750 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
727 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
383 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3287 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
488 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
782 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1642 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
399 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
403 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
670 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1438 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1525 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
807 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1101 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
904 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25070P Morohashi
1191 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4146 New Nelson (John Haig)
895 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
961 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
755 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2257 2001 Kanji
5d7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-7 SKIP code
2891.6 Four corner code
1-32-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a0e Unicode hex code