Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
paulownia
Kun:
きり
On:
トウドウ
Jinmeiyō kanji, used in names
JLPT level N1
1668 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 桐花大綬章 【トウカダイジュショウ】 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers
  • 桐油 【トウユ】 tung oil, (Chinese) wood oil
  • 梧桐 【アオギリ】 Chinese parasol-tree (Firmiana simplex), Chinese-bottletree, Japanese varnishtree, phoenix-tree

Kun reading compounds

  • 桐 【きり】 paulownia tree, Paulownia tomentosa
  • 桐材 【きりざい】 paulownia wood
  • 五七桐 【ごしちのきり】 paulownia crest (three leaves with seven blossoms on the center lead and five blossoms on each side leaf)

Readings

Japanese names:
ひさ、 き
Chinese:
tong2
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • paulonia (planta)

Portuguese

French

  • paulownia
1569 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2249 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1974 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1103 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2110 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1173 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
637 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
847 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
208 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14770 Morohashi
937 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2655 New Nelson (John Haig)
204 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
216 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4a6.30 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-6 SKIP code
4792.0 Four corner code
22-45 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6850 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
mountain
Parts:
mountain
Kun:
やま
On:
サンセン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
131 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 山 【サン】 Mt., Mount, Mt., Mount
  • 山陰 【ヤマカゲ】 place in the shade of a mountain, shelter of the mountains, mountain recess
  • 治山 【チサン】 forest conservation, afforestation
  • 開山 【カイサン】 founding a temple (on a hill-top)
  • 山道 【ヤマミチ】 mountain road, mountain trail
  • 大山 【タイザン】 great mountain
  • 須弥山 【シュミセン】 Mt Sumeru (in Buddhism - said to be the highest mountain rising in the center of the world) (centre)

Kun reading compounds

  • 山 【やま】 mountain, hill, mine (e.g. coal mine), heap, pile, crown (of a hat), thread (of a screw), tread (of a tire), protruding part of an object, climax, peak, critical point, guess, speculation, criminal case, crime, mountain climbing, mountaineering, festival float (esp. one mounted with a decorative halberd), wall, wall tile, temple, temple grounds, wild
  • 山陰 【やまかげ】 place in the shade of a mountain, shelter of the mountains, mountain recess
  • 奥山 【おくやま】 remote mountain, mountain recesses
  • 青山 【せいざん】 lush mountain, green mountain, grave, burial place

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 やの、 やん
Chinese:
shan1
Korean:
san

Spanish

  • montaña

Portuguese

  • montanha

French

  • montagne
38 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
58 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
24 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
60 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1407 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
21 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
48 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
89 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
34 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
34 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
100 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
535 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3658 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1867 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2544 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
775 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7869 Morohashi
2940 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1439 New Nelson (John Haig)
768 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
830 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
148 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
17 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1276 2001 Kanji
3o0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-1 SKIP code
4-3-2 SKIP code
2277.0 Four corner code
27-19 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5c71 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
legs
Parts:
Variants:
ray, light
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
527 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 光学 【コウガク】 optics
  • 光栄 【コウエイ】 honour, honor, glory, privilege
  • 脚光 【キャッコウ】 footlight, limelight
  • 発光 【ハッコウ】 emission (of light), radiation (of light), luminescence

Kun reading compounds

  • 光る 【ひかる】 to shine, to glitter, to be bright
  • 光る棒 【ひかるぼう】 glowstick, neon light stick
  • 光 【ひかり】 light, illumination, ray, beam, gleam, glow, happiness, hope, influence, power, vision, eyesight
  • 光り輝く 【ひかりかがやく】 to shine, to glitter
  • 一筋の希望の光 【ひとすじのきぼうのひかり】 a ray of hope
  • 越光 【こしひかり】 Koshihikari (variety of rice)

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あきら、 こお、 てる、 ひこ、 み、 みつ
Chinese:
guang1
Korean:
gwang

Spanish

  • rayo
  • luz
  • paisaje
  • honor
  • brillar
  • brillo

Portuguese

  • raio
  • luz

French

  • rayon
  • lumière
72 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
129 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
116 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
417 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1358 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
217 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
123 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
281 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
138 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
138 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
464 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
143 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3043 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1550 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2121 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
120 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1350 Morohashi
2391 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
349 New Nelson (John Haig)
119 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
125 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
345 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
121 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1057 2001 Kanji
3n3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-2 SKIP code
2-3-3 SKIP code
9021.1 Four corner code
24-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5149 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
waiter, samurai, wait upon, serve
Kun:
さむらいはべ.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1939 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 侍従 【ジジュウ】 chamberlain
  • 侍医 【ジイ】 court physician
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour
  • 陪侍 【バイジ】 retainer, attending on the nobility
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour

Kun reading compounds

  • 侍 【さむらい】 warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period), samurai, man in attendance (on a person of high standing), retainer
  • 侍蟻 【さむらいあり】 Polyergus samurai (species of amazon ant)
  • 二四六九士 【にしむくさむらい】 mnemonic for remembering the months with fewer than 31 days (ni, shi, mu, ku, etc.)
  • 侍る 【はべる】 to wait upon, to serve

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • sirviente
  • criado
  • samurai

Portuguese

  • garçom
  • samurai
  • esperar sobre
  • servir

French

  • serviteur
  • samouraï
  • servir
1326 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1823 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
427 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1446 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1046 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
559 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
571 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
580 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1878 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
90 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
94 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
62 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
66 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
985 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
589 Morohashi
85 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
192 New Nelson (John Haig)
976 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1050 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1150 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2148 2001 Kanji
2a6.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
2424.1 Four corner code
27-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f8d Unicode hex code