11 strokes
severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision, judgement, cutting
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
338 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 断 【ダン】 decision, judgment, resolution
  • 断言 【ダンゲン】 assertion, declaration, affirmation
  • 独断 【ドクダン】 one's own judgement (judgment), decision made without consulting others, arbitrary decision, dogmatism
  • 縦断 【ジュウダン】 running through (north-south), cutting across, travelling across, cutting vertically, sectioning longitudinally

Kun reading compounds

  • 断つ 【たつ】 to sever, to cut off, to suppress, to eradicate, to exterminate, to abstain (from), to give up
  • 断る 【ことわる】 to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline, to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance, to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
  • 断るまでもなく 【ことわるまでもなく】 needless to say


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • cortar
  • interrumpir
  • rehusar
  • declinar
  • rechazar


  • desligamento
  • decadência
  • recusa
  • pedir desculpas
  • avisar
  • despedir
  • proíbir
  • decisão
  • julgamento
  • incisivo


  • refus
  • décliner
  • rupture
  • excuses
  • prévenir
  • rejeter
  • interdire
  • décision
  • jugement
  • trancher
841 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
773 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
750 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
493 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2078 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
606 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
594 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1669 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1024 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1063 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
900 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
955 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1885 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1001 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1355 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1145 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13557 Morohashi
1492 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2385 New Nelson (John Haig)
1136 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1218 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
426 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
743 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1254 2001 Kanji
6b5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-4 SKIP code
2272.1 Four corner code
1-35-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
65ad Unicode hex code