Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness
On:
チュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
1113 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 忠 【チュウ】 loyalty, devotion, fidelity, faithfulness, inspector of the Imperial Prosecuting and Investigating Office (ritsuryo system)
  • 忠臣 【チュウシン】 loyal retainer, loyal subject
  • 誠忠 【セイチュウ】 loyalty
  • 不忠 【フチュウ】 disloyalty, infidelity

Readings

Japanese names:
きよし、 たた、 ただ、 ただし、 なお
Chinese:
zhong1
Korean:
chung

Spanish

  • lealtad
  • fidelidad

Portuguese

  • lealdade
  • fidelidade

French

  • loyauté
  • fidélité
842 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
948 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
936 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1040 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1653 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
632 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1289 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
705 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1348 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1431 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
758 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
773 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3087 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1575 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2154 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
609 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10353 Morohashi
2433 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1801 New Nelson (John Haig)
602 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
648 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
869 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1658 2001 Kanji
4k4.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-4 SKIP code
5033.6 Four corner code
35-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fe0 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
dog 犬 (犭)
Parts:
dog
Kun:
いぬいぬ-
On:
ケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
1326 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 犬猿の仲 【ケンエンノナカ】 like cats and dogs, (on) very bad terms, relationship of dogs and monkeys
  • 犬猿 【ケンエン】 cats and dogs (as an example of a bad relationship), dogs and monkeys
  • 柴犬 【シバイヌ】 shiba (Japanese breed of dog), shiba inu, brushwood dog
  • ポメラニア犬 【ポメラニアケン】 Pomeranian (dog)

Kun reading compounds

  • 犬 【いぬ】 dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris), snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.), loser, asshole, counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
  • 犬合わせ 【いぬあわせ】 dog fighting, dog fight
  • 野良犬 【のらいぬ】 stray dog
  • 柴犬 【しばいぬ】 shiba (Japanese breed of dog), shiba inu, brushwood dog

Readings

Chinese:
quan3, quan2
Korean:
gyeon

Spanish

  • perro

Portuguese

  • Cão

French

  • chien
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
73 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
17 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1295 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2868 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
578 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
216 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
107 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
280 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
280 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
319 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1295 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4275 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2160 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2912 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
243 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
20234 Morohashi
3464 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3553 New Nelson (John Haig)
238 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
253 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
3g0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-4 SKIP code
4303.0 Four corner code
24-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
72ac Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
public, prince, official, governmental
Kun:
おおやけ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public matter, governmental matter, prince, duke, lord, sir, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公安 【コウアン】 public safety, public welfare
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, facility, etc.), common, public (matter, place, etc.), (out in the) open
  • 公所 【おおやけどころ】 government office, authorities, state-owned land, crown land (UK, Aus, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Chinese:
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial

Portuguese

  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental

French

  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code